Évolution linguistique : pression externe et fonctionnement interne de la langue

Abstract : In this contribution, we show that the evolution of certain constructions, that appear in parallel in several languages, can be accounted for by a set of internal causes (e.g. meaning of the terms involved) and external causes (e.g. language contact). Two phenomena will be considered: (i) a morphological innovation: the more and more prevalent use of the noun bébé ‘baby’ as a word formant (bébé-singe ‘baby-monkey’ or bébé-légume ‘baby-vegetable’), with more or less a diminutive value; (ii) a phenomenon of syntactic innovation – or evolution: the more and more diversified uses of nouns such as genre ‘genus, kind’, type ‘type’, or, to a lesser extent, espèce ‘species, kind’, in French, but also of their equivalents in other languages.
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Contributor : Pierre Chauveau-Thoumelin <>
Submitted on : Sunday, April 21, 2019 - 3:40:31 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 22, 2019 - 1:22:47 AM

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Pierre Chauveau-Thoumelin, Dany Amiot. Évolution linguistique : pression externe et fonctionnement interne de la langue. Blumenthal, Peter; Vigier, Denis. Études diachroniques du français et perspectives sociétales, Peter Lang, pp.65-91, 2017, 978-3-631-72899-4. ⟨10.3726/b11459⟩. ⟨hal-02105553⟩

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