Hooliganism and maxillofacial trauma: The surgeon should be warned

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: With more than 270 million spectators, football - or soccer - is the most popular sport in the world. International football events generate many risky situations, including hooliganism and are an opportunity to analyze the incidence and the particularities of associated trauma. We sought to underline the potential rapid and brutal increase in maxillofacial trauma during a world-class competition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective multicenter study of the epidemiology of maxillofacial traumas during the UEFA 2016 Cup was conducted. All the medical data from each UEFA 2016 World Cup matches from 10 June 2016 to 10 July 2016 were collected. Only the maxillofacial traumas requiring a surgery under general anesthesia and a hospitalization were included. RESULTS: 11 patients from 3 different cities were included. The main etiology was interpersonal violence (7/11), followed by road accidents (3/11). Open reduction with internal fixation of a mandibular fracture was the most performed surgery (9/11). Patients were 18 to 50 year-old, with an average age of 30.6 years. DISCUSSION: This study underlines the violence of riots between "ultra" supporters during the 2016 UEFA cup. We noticed an upsurge of maxillofacial trauma severe enough to require a surgery under general anesthesia. Hooligan behaviors should be known by every practitioner dealing with trauma care, and may requires transitional adjustment of public health policy. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Contributor : Estelle Bogdanski <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 2:31:48 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 19, 2019 - 1:40:20 AM




I. Romanet, N. Graillon, M.K. Le Roux, L. Guyot, C. Chossegros, et al.. Hooliganism and maxillofacial trauma: The surgeon should be warned. Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Elsevier Masson, 2019, 120 (2), pp.106-109. ⟨10.1016/j.jormas.2019.01.004⟩. ⟨hal-02102546⟩



Record views