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Cryotherapy With Dynamic Intermittent Compression Improves Recovery From Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess the efficacy of cryotherapy with dynamic intermittent compression (CDIC) in relieving postoperative pain, decreasing blood loss, and improving functional scores after revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA). METHODS: We conducted a prospective case-control study (level of evidence: I) to evaluate the efficacy of CDIC on postoperative bleeding, pain, and functional outcomes after rTKA. Forty-three cases were included at a single institution and divided in 2 groups: a control group without CDIC (n = 19) and an experimental group with CDIC (n = 24). Bleeding was evaluated by calculating total blood loss, pain at rest was evaluated with a visual analog scale on postoperative day 3, and function was assessed using the Oxford score at 6 months postoperatively. The comparative analysis was performed using the Fisher exact test. RESULTS: The CDIC group had significantly lower total blood loss (260 vs 465 mL; P < .05), significantly less pain on day 3 (1 vs 3; P < .05), and a significantly higher functional score (42 vs 40; P < .05) than the control group. CONCLUSION: This is the first report dealing with the use of CDIC after rTKA. According to our results, it improves the recovery of patients who underwent rTKA; thus, it should be integrated into our daily practice.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02101410
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 16, 2019 - 4:40:30 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 18, 2019 - 7:16:13 PM

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Jérôme Murgier, Julien Cailliez, Matthieu Wargny, Philippe Chiron, Étienne Cavaignac, et al.. Cryotherapy With Dynamic Intermittent Compression Improves Recovery From Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty, Elsevier, 2017, 32 (9), pp.2788-2791. ⟨10.1016/j.arth.2017.03.052⟩. ⟨hal-02101410⟩

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