Randomization of What? Moving from Libertarian to "Democratic Paternalism". GREDEG Working Papers Series

Abstract : Les opinions exprimées dans la série des Documents de travail GREDEG sont celles des auteurs et ne reflèlent pas nécessairement celles de l'institution. Les documents n'ont pas été soumis à un rapport formel et sont donc inclus dans cette série pour obtenir des commentaires et encourager la discussion. Les droits sur les documents appartiennent aux auteurs. within the J-PAL, promote the use of randomization as an efficient way of fighting poverty. Mainly, J-PAL's project aims at testing what can be assimilated to nudging devices through randomization. Nevertheless, Duflo recently changed her perspective from a kind of libertarian paternalism toward a stronger paternalistic view. The paper methodologically explains such a shift through the incapacity of J-PAL's use of randomization to give access to the whole process of poverty since it focuses only on the individual decision-making process. Our claim in this paper is that this shift for a stronger paternalism can be explained by a twofold failure of focusing only on the use of randomization: (1) the incapacity to show how individual behaviors are related to poverty, (2) randomization alone does not give access to an important determinant of the decision-making process, namely the social framework that embeds it.
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Judith Favereau, Nicolas Brisset. Randomization of What? Moving from Libertarian to "Democratic Paternalism". GREDEG Working Papers Series. 2016. ⟨hal-02092638⟩

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