Structures sociales et fondements biologiques : de la primatologie à l'anthropologie clinique

Abstract : As early as 1994, Bruno Latour observed the existence of a common background to human sociability and the sociability of other primates, while emphasizing the specificity of the human social structure. In a much more accomplished way, the primatologist Bernard Chapais shows that there exists a specifically human social structure, whose phylogenetic origins can be retraced thanks to the study of primates. Without biology, it is not possible, according to him, to satisfactorily fulfill the program defined by Lévi-Strauss for anthropology: to reveal "these universal laws which make up the unconscious activity of the mind". Our paper intends to show that fidelity to this program does not only involve primatology, but also a clinical anthropology which, to define precisely what underpins the existence of a human social structure, made of differentiation and segmentation, takes advantage of the dissociations identified by clinical neuropsychology.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02086657
Contributor : Jean-Michel Le Bot <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 1, 2019 - 2:58:00 PM
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Jean-Michel Le Bot. Structures sociales et fondements biologiques : de la primatologie à l'anthropologie clinique. 2018. ⟨hal-02086657⟩

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