ON RIGIDITY, ORIENTABILITY AND CORES OF RANDOM GRAPHS WITH SLIDERS

Abstract : Suppose that you add rigid bars between points in the plane, and suppose that a constant fraction q of the points moves freely in the whole plane; the remaining fraction is constrained to move on fixed lines called sliders. When does a giant rigid cluster emerge? Under a genericity condition, the answer only depends on the graph formed by the points (vertices) and the bars (edges). We find for the random graph G ∈ G(n, c/n) the threshold value of c for the appearance of a linear-sized rigid component as a function of q, generalizing results of [8]. We show that this appearance of a giant component undergoes a continuous transition for q ≤ 1/2 and a discontinuous transition for q > 1/2. In our proofs, we introduce a generalized notion of orientability interpolating between 1-and 2-orientability, of cores interpolating between the 2-core and the 3-core, and of extended cores interpolating between the 2 + 1-core and the 3 + 2-core; we find the precise expressions for the respective thresholds and the sizes of the different cores above the threshold. In particular, this proves a conjecture of [8] about the size of the 3 + 2-core. We also derive some structural properties of rigidity with sliders (matroid and decomposition into components) which can be of independent interest.
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Contributor : Dieter Mitsche <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 29, 2019 - 11:45:21 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 6, 2019 - 1:24:21 AM

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Julien Barré, Marc Lelarge, Dieter Mitsche. ON RIGIDITY, ORIENTABILITY AND CORES OF RANDOM GRAPHS WITH SLIDERS. Random Structures and Algorithms, Wiley, 2018. ⟨hal-02083899⟩

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