LSST: from Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products

Željko Ivezić Steven M. Kahn J.Anthony Tyson Bob Abel Emily Acosta Robyn Allsman David Alonso Yusra Alsayyad Scott F. Anderson John Andrew James Roger P. Angel George Z. Angeli Reza Ansari 1 Pierre Antilogus 2 Constanza Araujo Robert Armstrong Kirk T. Arndt Pierre Astier 2 Éric Aubourg 3 Nicole Auza Tim S. Axelrod Deborah J. Bard Jeff D. Barr Aurelian Barrau 4 James G. Bartlett 3 Amanda E. Bauer Brian J. Bauman Sylvain Baumont 2 Ellen Bechtol Keith Bechtol Andrew C. Becker Jacek Becla Cristina Beldica Steve Bellavia Federica B. Bianco Rahul Biswas Guillaume Blanc 1, 5 Jonathan Blazek Roger D. Blandford Josh S. Bloom Joanne Bogart Tim W. Bond Michael T. Booth Anders W. Borgland Kirk Borne James F. Bosch Dominique Boutigny 6 Craig A. Brackett Andrew Bradshaw William Nielsen Brandt Michael E. Brown James S. Bullock Patricia Burchat David L. Burke Gianpietro Cagnoli 7 Daniel Calabrese Shawn Callahan Alice L. Callen Jeffrey L. Carlin Erin L. Carlson Srinivasan Chandrasekharan Glenaver Charles-Emerson Steve Chesley Elliott C. Cheu Hsin-Fang Chiang James Chiang Carol Chirino Derek Chow David R. Ciardi Charles F. Claver Johann Cohen-Tanugi 8 Joseph J. Cockrum Rebecca Coles Andrew J. Connolly Kem H. Cook Asantha Cooray Kevin R. Covey Chris Cribbs Wei Cui Roc Cutri Philip N. Daly Scott F. Daniel Felipe Daruich Guillaume Daubard 2 Greg Daues William Dawson Francisco Delgado Alfred Dellapenna Robert De Peyster Miguel de Val-Borro Seth W. Digel Peter Doherty Richard Dubois Gregory P. Dubois-Felsmann Josef Durech Frossie Economou Tim Eifler Michael Eracleous Benjamin L. Emmons Angelo Fausti Neto Henry Ferguson Enrique Figueroa Merlin Fisher-Levine Warren Focke Michael D. Foss James Frank Michael D. Freemon Emmanuel Gangler 9 Eric Gawiser John C. Geary Perry Gee Marla Geha Charles J.B. Gessner Robert R. Gibson D.Kirk Gilmore Thomas Glanzman William Glick Tatiana Goldina Daniel A. Goldstein Iain Goodenow Melissa L. Graham William J. Gressler Philippe Gris 9 Leanne P. Guy Augustin Guyonnet Gunther Haller Ron Harris Patrick A. Hascall Justine Haupt Fabio Hernandez 10 Sven Herrmann Edward Hileman Joshua Hoblitt John A. Hodgson Craig Hogan James D. Howard Dajun Huang Michael E. Huffer Patrick Ingraham Walter R. Innes Suzanne H. Jacoby Bhuvnesh Jain Fabrice Jammes 9 James Jee Tim Jenness Garrett Jernigan Darko Jevremović Kenneth Johns Anthony S. Johnson Margaret W.G. Johnson R.Lynne Jones Claire Juramy-Gilles 2 Mario Jurić Jason S. Kalirai Nitya J. Kallivayalil Bryce Kalmbach Jeffrey P. Kantor Pierre Karst 11 Mansi M. Kasliwal Heather Kelly Richard Kessler Veronica Kinnison David Kirkby Lloyd Knox Ivan V. Kotov Victor L. Krabbendam K.Simon Krughoff Petr Kubánek John Kuczewski Shri Kulkarni John Ku Nadine R. Kurita Craig S. Lage Ron Lambert Travis Lange J.Brian Langton Laurent Le Guillou 2 Deborah Levine Ming Liang Kian-Tat Lim Chris J. Lintott Kevin E. Long Margaux Lopez Paul J. Lotz Robert H. Lupton Nate B. Lust Lauren A. Macarthur Ashish Mahabal Rachel Mandelbaum Thomas W. Markiewicz Darren S. Marsh Philip J. Marshall Stuart Marshall Morgan May Robert Mckercher Michelle Mcqueen Joshua Meyers Myriam Migliore 4 Michelle Miller David J. Mills Connor Miraval Joachim Moeyens Fred E. Moolekamp David G. Monet Marc Moniez 1 Serge Monkewitz Christopher Montgomery Christopher B. Morrison Fritz Mueller Gary P. Muller Freddy Muñoz Arancibia Douglas R. Neill Scott P. Newbry Jean-Yves Nief 10 Andrei Nomerotski Martin Nordby Paul O'Connor John Oliver Scot S. Olivier Knut Olsen William O'Mullane Sandra Ortiz Shawn Osier Russell E. Owen Reynald Pain 2 Paul E. Palecek John K. Parejko James B. Parsons Nathan M. Pease J.Matt Peterson John R. Peterson Donald L. Petravick M.E. Libby Petrick Cathy E. Petry Francesco Pierfederici 12 Stephen Pietrowicz Rob Pike Philip A. Pinto Raymond Plante Stephen Plate Joel P. Plutchak Paul A. Price Michael Prouza Veljko Radeka Jayadev Rajagopal Andrew P. Rasmussen Nicolas Regnault 2 Kevin A. Reil David J. Reiss Michael A. Reuter Stephen T. Ridgway Vincent J. Riot Steve Ritz Sean Robinson William Roby Aaron Roodman Wayne Rosing Cecille Roucelle 3 Matthew R. Rumore Stefano Russo Abhijit Saha Benoit Sassolas 7 Terry L. Schalk Pim Schellart Rafe H. Schindler Samuel Schmidt Donald P. Schneider Michael D. Schneider William Schoening German Schumacher Megan E. Schwamb Jacques Sebag Brian Selvy Glenn H. Sembroski Lynn G. Seppala Andrew Serio Eduardo Serrano Richard A. Shaw Ian Shipsey Jonathan Sick Nicole Silvestri Colin T. Slater J.Allyn Smith R.Chris Smith Shahram Sobhani Christine Soldahl Lisa Storrie-Lombardi Edward Stover Michael A. Strauss Rachel A. Street Christopher W. Stubbs Ian S. Sullivan Donald Sweeney John D. Swinbank Alexander Szalay Peter Takacs Stephen A. Tether Jon J. Thaler John Gregg Thayer Sandrine Thomas Adam J. Thornton Vaikunth Thukral Jeffrey Tice David E. Trilling Max Turri Richard van Berg Daniel Vanden Berk Kurt Vetter Francoise Virieux 3 Tomislav Vucina William Wahl Lucianne Walkowicz Brian Walsh Christopher W. Walter Daniel L. Wang Shin-Yawn Wang Michael Warner Oliver Wiecha Beth Willman Scott E. Winters David Wittman Sidney C. Wolff W.Michael Wood-Vasey Xiuqin Wu Bo Xin Peter Yoachim Hu Zhan
Abstract : We describe here the most ambitious survey currently planned in the optical, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The LSST design is driven by four main science themes: probing dark energy and dark matter, taking an inventory of the solar system, exploring the transient optical sky, and mapping the Milky Way. LSST will be a large, wide-field ground-based system designed to obtain repeated images covering the sky visible from Cerro Pachón in northern Chile. The telescope will have an 8.4 m (6.5 m effective) primary mirror, a 9.6 deg2 field of view, a 3.2-gigapixel camera, and six filters (ugrizy) covering the wavelength range 320–1050 nm. The project is in the construction phase and will begin regular survey operations by 2022. About 90% of the observing time will be devoted to a deep-wide-fast survey mode that will uniformly observe a 18,000 deg2 region about 800 times (summed over all six bands) during the anticipated 10 yr of operations and will yield a co-added map to r ~ 27.5. These data will result in databases including about 32 trillion observations of 20 billion galaxies and a similar number of stars, and they will serve the majority of the primary science programs. The remaining 10% of the observing time will be allocated to special projects such as Very Deep and Very Fast time domain surveys, whose details are currently under discussion. We illustrate how the LSST science drivers led to these choices of system parameters, and we describe the expected data products and their characteristics.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 4:52:38 AM
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Željko Ivezić, Steven M. Kahn, J.Anthony Tyson, Bob Abel, Emily Acosta, et al.. LSST: from Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products. Astrophys.J., 2019, 873 (2), pp.111. ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/ab042c⟩. ⟨hal-02080729⟩

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