A skyrmion-based spin-torque nano-oscillator

Abstract : A model for a spin-torque nano-oscillator based on the self-sustained oscillation of a magnetic skyrmion is presented. The system involves a circular nanopillar geometry comprising an ultrathin film free magnetic layer with a strong Dzyaloshinkii-Moriya interaction and a polariser layer with a vortex-like spin configuration. It is shown that spin-transfer torques due to current flow perpendicular to the film plane leads to skyrmion gyration that arises from a competition between geometric confinement due to boundary edges and the vortex-like polarisation of the spin torques. A phenomenology for such oscillations is developed and quantitative analysis using micromagnetics simulations is presented. It is also shown that weak disorder due to random anisotropy variations does not influence the main characteristics of the steady-state gyration.
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F. Garcia-Sanchez, J. Sampaio, N. Reyren, V. Cros, J-V Kim. A skyrmion-based spin-torque nano-oscillator. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2016, 18 (7), pp.075011. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/18/7/075011⟩. ⟨hal-02076520⟩

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