How do microlocal environmental variations affect microbial activities of a Pinus halepensis litter in a Mediterranean coastal area?

Abstract : Mediterranean coastal ecosystems suffer many different types of natural and anthropogenic environmental pressure. Microbial communities, major conductors of organic matter decomposition are also subject to these environmental constraints. In this study, our aim was to understand how microbial activities vary at a small spatio-temporal scale in a Mediterranean coastal environment. Microbial activities were monitored in a Pinus halepensis litter collected from two areas, one close to (10 m) and one far from (300 m) the French Mediterranean coast. Litters were transferred from one area to the other using litterbags and studied via different microbial indicators after 2, 5 and 13 months. Microbial Basal Respiration, qCO2, certain enzyme activities (laccase, cellulase, β-glucosidase and acid phosphatase) and functional diversity via Biolog microplates were assayed in litterbags left in the area of origin as well as in litterbags transferred from one area to the other. Results highlight that microbial activities differ significantly in this short spatial scale over time. The influence of microlocal conditions more intensified for litters situated close to the sea, especially during summer seems to have a stressful effect on microbial communities, leading to less efficient functional activities. However, microbial activities were more strongly influenced by temporal variations linked to seasonality than by location.
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Leila Qasemian, Daniel Guiral, Anne Marie Farnet da Silva. How do microlocal environmental variations affect microbial activities of a Pinus halepensis litter in a Mediterranean coastal area?. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2014, 496, pp.198-205. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.07.054⟩. ⟨hal-02075889⟩

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