Transport of quantum excitations coupled to spatially extended nonlinear many-body systems

Abstract : The role of noise in the transport properties of quantum excitations is a topic of great importance in many fields, from organic semiconductors for technological applications to light-harvesting complexes in photosynthesis. In this paper we study a semi-classical model where a tight-binding Hamiltonian is fully coupled to an underlying spatially extended nonlinear chain of atoms. We show that the transport properties of a quantum excitation are subtly modulated by (i) the specific type (local versus non-local) of exciton phonon coupling and by (ii) nonlinear effects of the underlying lattice. We report a non-monotonic dependence of the exciton diffusion coefficient on temperature, in agreement with earlier predictions, as a direct consequence of the lattice-induced fluctuations in the hopping rates due to long-wavelength vibrational modes. A standard measure of transport efficiency confirms that both nonlinearity in the underlying lattice and off-diagonal exciton phonon coupling promote transport efficiency at high temperatures, preventing the Zeno-like quench observed in other models lacking an explicit noise-providing dynamical system.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 19, 2019 - 9:05:15 AM
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Stefano Iubini, Octavi Boada, Yasser Omar, Francesco Piazza. Transport of quantum excitations coupled to spatially extended nonlinear many-body systems. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2015, 17 (11), pp.113030. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/17/11/113030⟩. ⟨hal-02072269⟩

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