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Optothermal response of a single silicon nanotip

Abstract : The optical properties and thermal dynamics of conical single silicon nanotips are experimentally and theoretically investigated. The spectral and spatial dependencies of their optical extinction are quantitatively measured by spatial modulation spectroscopy (SMS). A nonuniform optical extinction along the tip axis and an enhanced near-infrared absorption, as compared to bulk crystalline silicon, are evidenced. This information is a key input for computing the thermal response of single silicon nanotips under ultrafast laser illumination, which is investigated by laser assisted atom probe tomography (La-APT) used as a highly sensitive temperature probe. A combination of these two experimental techniques and comparison with modeling also permits us to elucidate the impact of thermal effects on the laser assisted field evaporation process. Extension of this coupled approach opens up future perspectives for the quantitative study of the optical and thermal properties of a wide class of individual nano-objects, in particular elongated ones such as nanotubes, nanowires, and nanocones, which constitute promising nanosources for electron and/or ion emission.
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A. Vella, D. Shinde, J. Houard, E. Silaeva, L. Arnoldi, et al.. Optothermal response of a single silicon nanotip. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, American Physical Society, 2018, 97 (7), pp.075409. ⟨10.1103/physrevb.97.075409⟩. ⟨hal-02061771⟩

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