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Low energy shock response of a melt cast simulant material

Abstract : To manufacture its insensitive munitions (MURAT MUnitions à Risque ATténué), NEXTER Munitions uses a melt cast explosives as an EIDS (Extremely Insensitive Detonating Substance). Unlike commonly used and well-documented EIDSs such as PBX, melt cast have a high volumetric matrix percentage. Moreover, in its life cycle, the ammunition can undergo severe loads, such as cannon firing, accidental shocks and terminal ballistics events. The objective of this paper is therefore to analyse, how these dynamic loads induce changes in the material (damage, cracking, de-cohesion), and then, to evaluate how these alterations influence the pyrotechnic properties of the melt cast explosive. To address the first point, we delimited the scope of the study in pressure and strain rate ranges which corresponds to the context of the ammunition. To safely explore this area, we have created an inert material that is morphologically and mechanically representative of the melt case explosive. It is used to setup and validate the experimental technic that will be applied to damage the melt cast explosive in the future. In this article the mechanical behaviour of the inert material is investigated under simple compression and passive confinement. This was done under the quasi-static and dynamic regimes thanks to a compression press and a Split Hopkinson Pressure Bars setup. Firstly, the results obtained show the emergence of a damage which increases with the loss of cohesion of the material during the test. This seems to be related to the extension strain. Then, for all tests, a strain rate dependent mechanical response is observed. Finally, the end of the test shows the material behaviour without cohesion. Then, a rate dependent ultimate shear criterion is deduced. To complete the interpretation these results, a model is proposed. It intends to be simple as it tries to describe the whole degradation of the material with a unique scalar parameter.
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David Drouet, Patrice Bailly, Julien Pavier, Nicolas Eches, Jean-Luc Hanus. Low energy shock response of a melt cast simulant material. EPJ Web of Conferences, EDP Sciences, 2018, DYMAT 2018 - 12th International Conference on the Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading, 183, pp.02020. ⟨10.1051/epjconf/201818302020⟩. ⟨hal-02060923⟩