Investigations of temperature and pH variations on metal trophic transfer in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)

Abstract : Studying dietary metal transfer kinetics is essential to gain a better understanding in global metal accumulation rates and its impacts in marine fish. While there exists a solid understanding on the influence of various biotic factors on this transfer, metal assimilation in fish might be also affected by abiotic factors, as has been observed in marine invertebrates. The present study therefore aim to understand the potential effects of two climate-related master variables, temperature and pH, on the assimilation efficiency (AE) of essential (Co and Zn) and non-essential (Ag) metals in the turbot Scophthalmus maximus using radiotracer tools. Juvenile turbots were acclimated for 8 weeks at two and two temperatures (17° C and 20° C) and pH (7.5 and 8.0) regimes, under controlled laboratory conditions and then fed with radio-labelled shrimp (57Co, 65Zn and 110mAg). Assimilation efficiencies of Co and Ag in juvenile turbot, determined after a 21-d depuration period, were not affected by pre-exposition to the different environmental conditions. In contrast, temperature did significantly influence Zn AE (p<0.05), while pH variations did not affect the assimilation of any of the metals studied. In fact, temperature is known to affect gut physiology, specifically the membrane properties of anterior intestine cells where Zn is adsorbed and assimilated from the ingested food. These results are relevant to accurately assess the influence of abiotic factors in AEs of metals in fish as they are highly element-dependant and also modulated by metabolic processes.
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Simon Pouil, François Oberhänsli, Paco Bustamante, Marc Metian. Investigations of temperature and pH variations on metal trophic transfer in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2018, 25 (12), pp.11219-11225. ⟨10.1007/s11356-017-8691-4⟩. ⟨hal-02057821⟩

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