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Scénarios poïétiques et processus narratifs dans les films de Youri Norstein, une dialectique de l'invention

Abstract : with his poietic and aesthetic inventions, Yuri Norstein is part of the experimental movement of Russian Animation, which was developed in the 1960s and broke away from a classic tradition of drawing on celluloid. In his films, he develops new forms of narration, articulated with plastic experiments and poietic scenarios integrated into the studio and in the middle of workshop projects. The narrative patterns of invention are from “materialogical” trials, chromatic and textural opacities, fragmented scenographies and camera angle perspectives stretched between fluidity and twitching, all of which are characteristics of his experimental film-making. A new aesthetic emerges, qualified by the artistic filmmaker as a “small cliché”. The expression was formulated in the workshop around the exposure of celluloid to the “plasma amber” light source. It summons to mind, liquid and textile metaphors that emphasize the materialistic and “crumpled” characters of celluloid and enhance the tactile feeling of the image and opens up to the “materialogical” developments that are ubiquitous in his films and involved in the narrative process like fog, snowfall, flocks of leaves and rain curtains. This aesthetic allows the filmmaker to return to “the core of things” and to articulate from there in the different fictional territories. He spins a fantastic yarn of escapades into the developing narrative and finally renews the creative process of invention in phantasmagoria.
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Patrick Barres. Scénarios poïétiques et processus narratifs dans les films de Youri Norstein, une dialectique de l'invention. Slovo, Presses de l’INALCO, 2019, À l'Est de Pixar : le film d'animation russe et soviétique, To the East of Pixar : Russian and Soviet Animated Film, ⟨10.46298/slovo.2019.5233⟩. ⟨hal-02053365⟩

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