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Feature selection and fault‐severity classification–based machine health assessment methodology for point machine sliding‐chair degradation

Abstract : In this paper, we propose an offline and online machine health assessment (MHA) methodology composed of feature extraction and selection, segmentation‐based fault severity evaluation, and classification steps. In the offline phase, the best representative feature of degradation is selected by a new filter‐based feature selection approach. The selected feature is further segmented by utilizing the bottom‐up time series segmentation to discriminate machine health states, ie, degradation levels. Then, the health state fault severity is extracted by a proposed segment evaluation approach based on within segment rate‐of‐change (RoC) and coefficient of variation (CV) statistics. To train supervised classifiers, a priori knowledge about the availability of the labeled data set is needed. To overcome this limitation, the health state fault‐severity information is used to label (eg, healthy, minor, medium, and severe) unlabeled raw condition monitoring (CM) data. In the online phase, the fault‐severity classification is carried out by kernel‐based support vector machine (SVM) classifier. Next to SVM, the k‐nearest neighbor (KNN) is also used in comparative analysis on the fault severity classification problem. Supervised classifiers are trained in the offline phase and tested in the online phase. Unlike to traditional supervised approaches, this proposed method does not require any a priori knowledge about the availability of the labeled data set. The proposed methodology is validated on infield point machine sliding‐chair degradation data to illustrate its effectiveness and applicability. The results show that the time series segmentation‐based failure severity detection and SVM‐based classification are promising.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02053270
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Submitted on : Friday, March 1, 2019 - 11:01:22 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 12, 2020 - 9:42:15 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 30, 2019 - 1:47:29 PM

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Vepa Atamuradov, Kamal Medjaher, Fatih Camci, Noureddine Zerhouni, Pierre Dersin, et al.. Feature selection and fault‐severity classification–based machine health assessment methodology for point machine sliding‐chair degradation. Quality and Reliability Engineering International, Wiley, 2019, pp.1-19. ⟨10.1002/qre.2446⟩. ⟨hal-02053270⟩

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