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The Pristine Dwarf-Galaxy survey – II. In-depth observational study of the faint Milky Way satellite Sagittarius II

Abstract : We present an extensive study of the Sagittarius II (Sgr II) stellar system using MegaCam g and i photometry, narrow-band, metallicity-sensitive calcium H&K doublet photometry and Keck II/DEIMOS multiobject spectroscopy. We derive and refine the Sgr II structural and stellar properties inferred at the time of its discovery. The colour–magnitude diagram implies Sgr II is old (12.0 ± 0.5 Gyr) and metal poor. The CaHK photometry confirms the metal-poor nature of the satellite ([Fe/H] _CaHK = −2.32 ± 0.04 dex) and suggests that Sgr II hosts more than one single stellar population (⁠|$\sigma _\mathrm{[FeH]}^\mathrm{CaHK} = 0.11^{+0.05}_{-0.03}$| dex). Using the Ca infrared triplet measured from our highest signal-to-noise spectra, we confirm the metallicity and dispersion inferred from the Pristine photometric metallicities ([Fe/H]_spectro = −2.23 ± 0.05 dex, |$\sigma _\mathrm{[Fe/H]}^\mathrm{spectro} = 0.10 ^{+0.06}_{-0.04}$| dex). The velocity dispersion of the system is found to be |$\sigma _{v} = 2.7^{+1.3}_{-1.0} {\rm \, km \,\, s^{-1}}$| after excluding two potential binary stars. Sgr II’s metallicity and absolute magnitude ( = −5.7 ± 0.1 mag) place the system on the luminosity–metallicity relation of the Milky Way dwarf galaxies despite its small size. The low but resolved metallicity and velocity dispersions paint the picture of a slightly dark-matter-dominated satellite (⁠|$M/L = 23.0^{+32.8}_{-23.0}$| M_⊙ L|$^{-1}_{\odot }$|⁠). Furthermore, using the Gaia Data Release 2, we constrain the orbit of the satellite and find an apocentre of |$118.4 ^{+28.4}_{-23.7} {\rm \, kpc}$| and a pericentre of |$54.8 ^{+3.3}_{-6.1} {\rm \, kpc}$|⁠. The orbit of Sgr II is consistent with the trailing arm of the Sgr stream and indicates that it is possibly a satellite of the Sgr dSph that was tidally stripped from the dwarf’s influence.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 27, 2019 - 4:21:34 PM
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Nicolas Longeard, Nicolas Martin, Else Starkenburg, Rodrigo A. Ibata, Michelle L.M. Collins, et al.. The Pristine Dwarf-Galaxy survey – II. In-depth observational study of the faint Milky Way satellite Sagittarius II. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2020, 491 (1), pp.356-377. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stz2854⟩. ⟨hal-02051274⟩



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