Optical measurement of He-3 nuclear polarization for metastable exchange optical pumping studies at high magnetic field

Abstract : An accurate optical method to measure the nuclear polarization of He-3 atoms in the 1(1)S ground state is described. The absorption of a weak, probe laser beam is used to measure the relative populations of two hyper. ne sublevels of the 2(3)S metastable state that are not addressed by the pumping laser beam. Since a common spin temperature between the ground and metastable states is established by metastable exchange collisions, the nuclear polarization can be derived from these absorption measurements. The method is highly sensitive, robust, and can be used to monitor the dynamics of optical pumping and relaxation processes without interfering with them. It was successfully implemented and tested in the 0.45-2.0 T magnetic field range at the He-3 gas pressure up to 67 mbar.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02018583
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 13, 2019 - 10:03:10 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 23, 2019 - 1:38:31 AM

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K. Suchanek, M. Suchanek, A. Nikiel, T. Palasz, M. Abboud, et al.. Optical measurement of He-3 nuclear polarization for metastable exchange optical pumping studies at high magnetic field. European Physical Journal Special Topics, 2007, 144, pp.67-74. ⟨https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1140%2Fepjst%2Fe2007-00109-8.pdf⟩. ⟨10.1140/epjst/e2007-00109-8⟩. ⟨hal-02018583⟩

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