Les évolutions contraintes des entreprises sociales d’insertion par le travail

Abstract : Heterogeneous professional sector, the work-integration sector has been influenced in recent years by a hybrid mode of public regulation: a rationale of supervisory regulation characterized by coercive mechanisms of public intervention. The goal is to correlate contracts and subsidies with the quality of the integration services provided (outcomes) by operational structures; a competitive rationale characterized by competitive mechanisms to promote the economic value and the technical efficiency of the goods and services produced (output). Consequently operational structures converge towards the adoption of entrepreneurial standards. Their economic viability requires adopting an social business model less dependent on public subsidies and more commercial. According to the same dynamics, their transformation into Work Integration Social Enterprises (WISEs) is accompanied by processes of concentration. We study the forms, configurations and properties. In particular, eight types of business combination and a territorial polarization form, the territorial cluster of economic cooperation, have been identified.
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Patrick Gianfaldoni. Les évolutions contraintes des entreprises sociales d’insertion par le travail. Marché et Organisations, L'Harmattan, 2018, 31 (1), pp.81-101. ⟨10.3917/maorg.031.0081⟩. ⟨hal-02011115⟩

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