Left-handed DNA Crossovers. Implications for DNA-DNA Recognition and Structural Alterations

Abstract : The close approach of DNA segments participates in many biological functions including DNA condensation and DNA processing. Previous crystallographic studies have shown that B-DNA self-fitting by mutual groove-backbone interaction produces right-handed DNA crossovers. These structures have opened new perspectives on the role of close DNA-DNA interactions in the architecture and activity the DNA molecule. In the present study, the analysis of the crystal packing of two B-DNA decamer duplexes d(CCIIICCCGG) and d(CCGCCGGCGG) reveals the existence of new modes of DNA crossing. Symmetric left-handed crossovers are produced by mutual fitting of DNA grooves at the crossing point. New sequence patterns contribute to stabilize longitudinal fitting of the sugar-phosphate backbone into the major groove. In addition, the close approach of DNA segments greatly influences the DNA conformation in a sequence dependent manner. This study provides new insights into the role of DNA sequence and structure in DNA-DNA recognition. In providing detailed molecular views of DNA crossovers of opposite chirality, this study can also help to elucidate the role of symmetry and chirality in the recognition of complex DNA structures by protein dimers or tetramers, such as topoisomerase II and recombinase enzymes. These results are discussed in the context of the possible relationships between DNA condensation and DNA processing.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02008182
Contributor : Youri Timsit <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 5, 2019 - 3:37:50 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 8, 2019 - 9:34:25 AM

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Y. Timsit, Michal Shatzky-Schwartz, Zippora Shakked. Left-handed DNA Crossovers. Implications for DNA-DNA Recognition and Structural Alterations. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, Taylor & Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles, 1999, 16 (4), pp.775-785. ⟨10.1080/07391102.1999.10508292⟩. ⟨hal-02008182⟩

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