The Beaker phenomenon and the genomic transformation of northwest Europe

Iñigo Olalde 1 Selina Brace 2 Morten Allentoft Ian Armit Kristian Kristiansen Thomas Booth Nadin Rohland 3 Swapan Mallick 4 Anna Szécsényi-Nagy Alissa Mittnik 5 Eveline Altena Mark Lipson 4 Iosif Lazaridis Thomas Harper Nick Patterson 6 Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht Yoan Diekmann Zuzana Faltyskova Daniel Fernandes 7 Matthew Ferry Eadaoin Harney Peter de Knijff 8 Megan Michel Jonas Oppenheimer Kristin Stewardson Alistair Barclay Kurt Werner Alt Corina Liesau Patricia Ríos Concepción Blasco Jorge Vega Miguel Roberto Menduiña García Azucena Avilés Fernández Eszter Bánffy Maria Bernabò-Brea David Billoin 9 Clive Bonsall Laura Bonsall Tim Allen Lindsey Büster Sophie Carver Laura Navarro Oliver Craig Gordon Cook 10 Barry Cunliffe Anthony Denaire 11 Kirsten Egging Dinwiddy Natasha Dodwell Michal Ernée Christopher Evans 12 Milan Kuchařík Joan Francès Farré Chris Fowler Michiel Gazenbeek 13 Rafael Garrido Pena María Haber-Uriarte Elżbieta Haduch Gill Hey Nick Jowett Tim Knowles Ken Massy Saskia Pfrengle Philippe Lefranc 11 Olivier Lemercier 14 Arnaud Lefebvre 15 César Heras Martínez Virginia Galera Olmo Ana Bastida Ramírez Joaquín Lomba Maurandi Tona Majó Jacqueline Mckinley Kathleen Mcsweeney Balázs Gusztáv Mende 16 Alessandra Mod Gabriella Kulcsár Viktória Kiss András Czene Róbert Patay Anna Endrődi Kitti Köhler 16 Tamás Hajdu Tamás Szeniczey János Dani Zsolt Bernert Maya Hoole Olivia Cheronet 17 Denise Keating Petr Velemínský 18 Miroslav Dobeš Francesca Candilio 19 Fraser Brown Raúl Flores Fernández Ana-Mercedes Herrero-Corral Sebastiano Tusa Emiliano Carnieri Luigi Lentini Antonella Valenti Alessandro Zanini Clive Waddington Germán Delibes Elisa Guerra-Doce Benjamin Neil Marcus Brittain Mike Luke Richard Mortimer Jocelyne Desideri 20 Marie Besse 20 Günter Brücken Mirosław Furmanek Agata Hałuszko 21 Maksym Mackiewicz 21 Artur Rapiński Stephany Leach Ignacio Soriano Katina Lillios João Luís Cardoso Michael Parker Pearson Piotr Włodarczak T. Douglas Price Pilar Prieto 22 Pierre-Jérôme Rey 23 Roberto Risch Manuel Rojo Guerra 24 Aurore Schmitt 25 Joël Serralongue 26 Maria Silva 27 Václav Smrčka Luc Vergnaud João Zilhão 28 David Caramelli 29 Thomas Higham 30 Thomas Thomas Ken Kennett Harry Fokkens Volker Hey Alison Sheridan 31 Karl-Göran Sjögren Philipp Stockhammer Johannes Krause 32 Ron Pinhasi 33 Wolfgang Haak Ian Barnes Carles Lalueza-Fox 34 David Reich 6
Abstract : From around 2750 to 2500 bc, Bell Beaker pottery became widespread across western and central Europe, before it disappeared between 2200 and 1800 bc. The forces that propelled its expansion are a matter of long-standing debate, and there is support for both cultural diffusion and migration having a role in this process. Here we present genome-wide data from 400 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age Europeans, including 226 individuals associated with Beaker-complex artefacts. We detected limited genetic affinity between Beaker-complex-associated individuals from Iberia and central Europe, and thus exclude migration as an important mechanism of spread between these two regions. However, migration had a key role in the further dissemination of the Beaker complex. We document this phenomenon most clearly in Britain, where the spread of the Beaker complex introduced high levels of steppe-related ancestry and was associated with the replacement of approximately 90% of Britain's gene pool within a few hundred years, continuing the east-to-west expansion that had brought steppe-related ancestry into central and northern Europe over the previous centuries.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02006656
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Submitted on : Monday, February 4, 2019 - 5:09:19 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 29, 2019 - 4:25:13 PM

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Iñigo Olalde, Selina Brace, Morten Allentoft, Ian Armit, Kristian Kristiansen, et al.. The Beaker phenomenon and the genomic transformation of northwest Europe. Nature, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 555 (7695), pp.190-196. ⟨10.1038/nature25738⟩. ⟨hal-02006656⟩

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