Structural response of different Lewis number premixed flames interacting with a toroidal vortex

Abstract : Simultaneous measurements of temperature, CH ∗ and OH ∗ chemiluminescent species are carried out to explore the impact of stretch rate and curvature on the structure of premixed flames. The configuration of an initially flat premixed flame interacting with a toroidal vortex is selected for the present study and reasons for this choice are discussed. Lewis number effects are assessed by comparing methane and propane flames. It is emphasized that the flame structure experiences very strong variations. In particular, the flame is shrunk (broadened) in the initial (final) period of the interaction with the vortex where strain rate (curvature) contribution of the stretch rate is predominant. By further analysing independently the thickness of the preheat and reaction zones, it is shown that for propane flames, not only the former but also the latter is significantly altered in zones where the flame curvature is negative. Changes in the reaction zone properties are further emphasized using CH ∗ and OH ∗ radicals. It is demonstrated that higher thermal diffusivity plays a significant role around curved regions, in which the enhanced diffusion of heat leads to a strong increase of CH ∗ compared to OH ∗ intensity. As an overall conclusion, this study suggests that it would be interesting to reassess the internal flame structure at lower and moderate Karlovitz numbers since changes might appear for a moderate vortex intensity with typical size much larger than the flame thickness.
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Chaimae Bariki, Fabien Halter, Fabien Thiesset, Christian Chauveau, Iskender Gökalp, et al.. Structural response of different Lewis number premixed flames interacting with a toroidal vortex. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Elsevier, 2019, 37 (2), pp.1911-1918. ⟨10.1016/j.proci.2018.06.114⟩. ⟨hal-01993705⟩

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