Determination of aluminum-air burning velocities using PIV and Laser sheet tomography

Abstract : In a context of growing concerns over climate change, aluminum has the potential to serve as a dense energy carrier in order to replace fossil fuels and reduce greenhouse gases emissions. Indeed, its combustion in air may provide carbon-free energy for applications in which a high-energy storage capacity is required. However, attempts of designing a metal-fueled combustor will conflict with a relatively large dispersion of the burning velocity values reported in the literature, even when similar powders are used. This uncertainty is partially due to the range of experimental conditions and techniques used on those previous studies. In the present work, an experimental Bunsen-type aluminum-air burner is introduced. It is shown that the setup is capable of generating stable dust suspensions under well-controlled conditions. The stabilized aluminum-air flames are studied using emission spectroscopy, Particle Image Velocimetry, laser sheet tomography, and direct visualization of the AlO(g) emissions. The measured burning velocities are then compared to previous results obtained for similar powders as a function of dust concentration. A reasonable agreement is obtained, and it is shown that metal flame tomography can yield a more precise indicator of the flame front position than AlO(g) emissions, helping to reduce the data scatter regarding dust-air burning velocities.
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R. Lomba, P. Laboureur, C. Dumand, Christian Chauveau, F. Halter. Determination of aluminum-air burning velocities using PIV and Laser sheet tomography. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Elsevier, 2019, ⟨10.1016/j.proci.2018.07.013⟩. ⟨hal-01991739⟩

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