Some observations on the influence of particle size and size distribution on stratification in pneumatic jigs

Résumé : Particle size variation plays a key role in jigging performance, and despite extensive research in the area, very little attention has been given in the case of pneumatic jigging. The aim of this study was to look into particle stratification in a pilot-scale pneumatic jig when varying the particle size and the range of the particle size distribution in ternary mixtures of aggregates. Jigging tests were especially designed to reduce contamination of jig products and a stratification index was elaborated to evaluate stratification efficiency. Experimental results provided compelling evidences that widening the particle size distribution of the system or using beds composed of particles of smaller sizes can enhance stratification by density. Similarly, smaller particles showed a remarkable tendency to concentrate in the upper zones of the stratified bed, whereas larger particles tended to concentrate more in lower zones. The obtained results suggest that particular operating features of pneumatic jigging together with differential packing effects should play a decisive role in the stratification extent of beds formed by particles of different sizes. Experimental results are of practical importance since, among other benefits, they point to the possibility to increase pneumatic jigging performance in some cases by using wider size distributions of the feed, thus reducing the need of prior stages of narrow size classification.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 23, 2019 - 8:09:05 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 4:23:21 PM

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Weslei M. Ambros, Carlos Hoffmann Sampaio, Bogdan Cazacliu, Paulo N. Conceição, Glaydson S. Dos Reisa. Some observations on the influence of particle size and size distribution on stratification in pneumatic jigs. Powder Technology, Elsevier, 2019, 342, pp.594-606. ⟨10.1016/j.powtec.2018.10.029⟩. ⟨hal-01990310⟩

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