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« Sciences et perceptions dans la Lettre sur les aveugles et le Rêve de d’Alembert de Diderot»

Abstract : This paper questions the place of Diderot in classical empiricism through the prism of sciences and perceptions' connections. Do the Philosopher be part of « l'empirisme de la genèse » (André Charrak) stemming from Locke and systematized by Condillac ? Is there a « empirisme de la genèse » specific to Diderot 's philosophy ? First, we must set up that in the Lettre sur les aveugles, Diderot is well part of the method stemming from Locke and considers that it is not science that can say the essence of perception, but perception that must constitute origin of science. However, ideas'genesis from the sens of sight is not enough in order to perception reaches the matter's existence : the confrontation of mathematics issued of sight and touch is necessary. But if genesis' diversification allows to refute idealism, it says nothing about matter's essence. That's why Diderot, in Le Rêve de d'Alembert, undertakes genesis of the Human himself, from a material principle endowed with sensibility. Thus, by means of medical science in his time, he carries out an unheard extension of empirist method.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01988353
Contributor : Marion Chottin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 21, 2019 - 4:49:30 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 1:06:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01988353, version 1

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Marion Chottin. « Sciences et perceptions dans la Lettre sur les aveugles et le Rêve de d’Alembert de Diderot». Diderot, l’humain et la science, pp.131-150, 2017. ⟨hal-01988353⟩

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