New insights into the pelagic microorganisms involved in the methane cycle in the meromictic Lake Pavin through metagenomics

Abstract : Advances in metagenomics have given rise to the possibility of obtaining genome sequences from uncultured microorganisms, even for those poorly represented in the microbial community, thereby providing an important means to study their ecology and evolution. In this study, metagenomic sequencing was carried out at four sampling depths having different oxygen concentrations or environmental conditions in the water column of Lake Pavin. By analyzing the sequenced reads and matching the contigs to the proxy genomes of the closest cultivated relatives, we evaluated the metabolic potential of the dominant planktonic species involved in the methane cycle. We demonstrated that methane-producing communities were dominated by the genus Methanoregula while methane-consuming communities were dominated by the genus Methylobacter, thus confirming prior observations. Our work allowed the reconstruction of a draft of their core metabolic pathways. Hydrogenotrophs, the genes required for acetate activation in the methanogen genome, were also detected. Regarding methanotrophy, Methylobacter was present in the same areas as the non-methanotrophic, methylotrophic Methylotenera, which could suggest a relationship between these two groups. Furthermore, the presence of a large gene inventory for nitrogen metabolism (nitrate transport, denitrification, nitrite assimilation and nitrogen fixation, for instance) was detected in the Methylobacter genome.
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Corinne Biderre-Petit, Najwa Taib, Hélène Gardon, Corentin Hochart, Didier Debroas. New insights into the pelagic microorganisms involved in the methane cycle in the meromictic Lake Pavin through metagenomics. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2018, ⟨10.1093/femsec/fiy183⟩. ⟨hal-01984730⟩

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