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On the hydro-mechanical behaviour of MX80 bentonite-based materials

Abstract : Bentonite-based materials have been considered in many countries as engineered barrier/backfilling materials in deep geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. During the long period of waste storage, these materials will play an essential role in ensuring the integrity of the storage system that consists of the waste canisters, the engineered barrier/backfill, the retaining structures as well as the geological barrier. Thus, it is essential to well understand the hydro-mechanical behaviours of these bentonite-based materials. This review paper presents the recent advances of knowledge on MX80 bentonite-based materials, in terms of water retention properties, hydraulic behaviour and mechanical behaviour. Emphasis is put on the effect of technological voids and the role of the dry density of bentonite. The swelling anisotropy is also discussed based on the results from swelling tests with measurements of both axial and radial swelling pressures on a sand-bentonite mixture compacted at different densities. Microstructure observation was used to help the interpretation of macroscopic hydro-mechanical behaviour. Also, the evolution of soil microstructure thus the soil density over time is discussed based on the results from mock-up tests. This evolution is essential for understanding the long-term hydro-mechanical behaviour of the engineered barrier/backfill.
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Contributor : Yu-Jun Cui <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - 2:54:41 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 10:20:37 AM

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Yu-Jun Cui. On the hydro-mechanical behaviour of MX80 bentonite-based materials. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Elsevier, 2017, 9 (3), pp.565-574. ⟨10.1016/j.jrmge.2016.09.003⟩. ⟨hal-01982206⟩



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