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Identification and quantification of flavanol glycosides in Vitis vinifera grape seeds and skins during ripening

Abstract : Monomeric and dimeric flavanol glycosides were analyzed in Vitis vinifera grapes and seeds during ripening. An analytical method using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-QQQ-MS/MS) in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was employed. Three grape varieties (Merlot, Syrah and Tannat) were chosen and grape berries were sampled at different stages of development. Ten monoglycosylated and six diglycosylated flavanol monomers were detected. Twelve monoglycosylated and three diglycosylated flavanol dimers were also detected for all three grape varieties. All diglycosides were detected for the first time in Vitis vinifera grapes, though some of these compounds were only detected in skins or seeds. Furthermore, the evolution of all these compounds was studied, and a decrease in monomeric (epi) catechin monoglycosides was observed during ripening for Tannat, Merlot and Syrah grape skins. The dimers would appear to accumulate in skin tissues up to mid-summer (after veraison) and decrease when grape berries reached maturity.
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Marie Zerbib, Guillaume Cazals, Christine Enjalbal, Cédric Saucier. Identification and quantification of flavanol glycosides in Vitis vinifera grape seeds and skins during ripening. Molecules, MDPI, 2018, 23 (11), 13 p. ⟨10.3390/molecules23112745⟩. ⟨hal-01981152⟩

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