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Le caractère ambivalent de la prudence dans les relations industrialo-étatiques : le cas de l'ammoniaque synthétique (1919-1924)

Abstract : During World War I, the question of the supply of nitrogen was a major problem for the French General staff as it was indispensable to the manufacturing of sufficient powder and explosives. Given how dangerous the situation had been during the conflict, building a French industry for synthetic ammonia water appeared necessary after the Armistice in order by the results which Germany had obtained by the use of the Haber process of ammonia synthesis, the government used the article 297 of the Treaty of Versailles to liquidate the German chemical patents and quickly intended to sell their usage to French industrialists. Nevertheless, after several years of negotiations between the State and the interested companies, the project to create a national sector failed, because the private firms refused to submit to the constraints which the political leaders intended to impose them in return for this transfer. The study of the development of a French sector of synthetic ammonia invites to question the notion of caution from the perspective of public-private relationships. In particular, how does caution intervene in firms-state negotiations? The research highlights its ambivalent nature depending on the actors and the rationalities taken into account.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01978704
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Submitted on : Friday, January 11, 2019 - 4:45:30 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 21, 2022 - 5:24:16 PM

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Michael Llopart. Le caractère ambivalent de la prudence dans les relations industrialo-étatiques : le cas de l'ammoniaque synthétique (1919-1924). Entreprises et Histoire, Eska, 2018, La prudence, 3 (92), pp.26-42. ⟨10.3917/eh.092.0026⟩. ⟨hal-01978704⟩

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