Antimicrobial activity of metal oxide microspheres: an innovative process for homogeneous incorporation into materials

Abstract : AIMS:To investigate the potent control of microbial surface contamination of an innovative process which consists in incorporating metal oxide microspheres homogeneously into materials. Spherical microspheres containing zinc and magnesium oxides synthesized via a one-step manufacturing process (Pyrolyse Pulvérisée® ) and incorporated into different plastic matrices were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity according to JIS Z 2801 standard. A significant activity was observed for microsphere-added polyethylene coupons with a reduction of all tested bacteria populations, including Gram negative and Gram positive even expressing acquired antibiotic resistance (Escherichia coli ESBL, Staphylococcus aureus metiR). An antiviral activity higher than 2 log of reduction was also observed on H1N1 and HSV-1 viruses. This antimicrobial effect was dose-dependent and time-dependent for both polyethylene and polypropylene matrices. Antimicrobial activity was maintained after exposition to disinfectants and totally preserved 50 months after the preparation of the coupons. CONCLUSIONS:Incorporated into plastic matrices, metal oxide microspheres showed significant antibacterial and antiviral activities. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF STUDY: This is, to our knowledge, the first report on an original process incorporating metal oxide microspheres, which have specific physico-chemical and antimicrobial properties, into materials that could be used for surface contamination prevention.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 11, 2019 - 9:38:01 AM
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Catherine Feuillolay, Laïla Haddioui, Marc Verelst, Aurélie Furiga, Loïc Marchin, et al.. Antimicrobial activity of metal oxide microspheres: an innovative process for homogeneous incorporation into materials. Journal of Applied Microbiology, Wiley, 2018, 125 (1), pp.45-55. ⟨10.1111/jam.13752⟩. ⟨hal-01977795⟩

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