Detect, Replace, Refine: Deep Structured Prediction For Pixel Wise Labeling

Spyros Gidaris 1, 2, 3 Nikos Komodakis 1, 2, 3
3 IMAGINE [Marne-la-Vallée]
LIGM - Laboratoire d'Informatique Gaspard-Monge, ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech
Abstract : Pixel wise image labeling is an interesting and challenging problem with great significance in the computer vision community. In order for a dense labeling algorithm to be able to achieve accurate and precise results, it has to consider the dependencies that exist in the joint space of both the input and the output variables. An implicit approach for modeling those dependencies is by training a deep neu-ral network that, given as input an initial estimate of the output labels and the input image, it will be able to predict a new refined estimate for the labels. In this context, our work is concerned with what is the optimal architecture for performing the label improvement task. We argue that the prior approaches of either directly predicting new label estimates or predicting residual corrections w.r.t. the initial labels with feed-forward deep network architectures are sub-optimal. Instead, we propose a generic architecture that decomposes the label improvement task to three steps: 1) detecting the initial label estimates that are incorrect, 2) replacing the incorrect labels with new ones, and finally 3) refining the renewed labels by predicting residual corrections w.r.t. them. Furthermore, we explore and compare various other alternative architectures that consist of the afore-mentioned Detection, Replace, and Refine components. We extensively evaluate the examined architectures in the challenging task of dense disparity estimation (stereo matching) and we report both quantitative and qualitative results on three different datasets. Finally, our dense disparity estimation network that implements the proposed generic architecture , achieves state-of-the-art results in the KITTI 2015 test surpassing prior approaches by a significant margin. We also provide preliminary results of our approach in two semantic segmentation tasks, the Cityscapes and the ECP facade parsing tasks, and we obtain some very encouraging results.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 10, 2019 - 12:27:07 PM
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Spyros Gidaris, Nikos Komodakis. Detect, Replace, Refine: Deep Structured Prediction For Pixel Wise Labeling. [Research Report] LIGM - Laboratoire d'Informatique Gaspard-Monge; ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech; IMAGINE [Marne-la-Vallée]. 2019. ⟨hal-01976855⟩

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