B. M. Abdallah, F. Karray, N. Mhiri, N. Mei, M. Quéméneur et al., Prokaryotic diversity in a Tunisian hypersaline lake, Chott El Jerid. Extremophiles, vol.20, pp.125-138, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01437952

S. R. Al-abed, G. Jegadeesan, J. Purandare, A. , and D. , Arsenic release from iron rich mineral processing waste: Influence of pH and redox potential, Chemosphere, vol.66, pp.775-782, 2007.

S. F. Altschul, W. Gish, W. Miller, E. W. Myers, and D. J. Lipman, Basic local alignment search tool, J. Mol. Biol, vol.215, pp.403-410, 1990.

N. Ayadi, F. Aloulou, and J. Bouzid, Assessment of contaminated sediment by phosphate fertilizer industrial waste using pollution indices and statistical techniques in the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia), Arab. J. Geosci, vol.8, pp.1755-1767, 2015.

S. D. Ayata, J. O. Irisson, A. Aubert, L. Berline, J. C. Dutay et al., Regionalisation of the Mediterranean basin, a MERMEX synthesis, Prog. Oceanogr, vol.163, pp.7-20, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01629104

P. Bataillard, S. Grangeon, P. Quinn, F. Mosselmans, A. Lahfid et al., Iron and arsenic speciation in marine sediments undergoing a resuspension event: the impact of biotic activity, J. Soils Sediments, vol.14, pp.615-629, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00944134

B. Salem, Z. , A. , and H. , Heavy metal accumulation in Diplodus annularis, Liza aurata, and Solea vulgaris relevant to their concentration in water and sediment from the southwestern Mediterranean (coast of Sfax), Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res, vol.23, pp.13895-13906, 2016.

N. A. Bokulich, S. Subramanian, J. J. Faith, D. Gevers, I. Gordon et al., Quality-filtering vastly improves diversity estimates from Illumina amplicon sequencing, Nat. Methods, vol.10, pp.57-59, 2013.

K. W. Bruland, Complexation of cadmium by natural in the organic ligands central North Pacific, Limnol. Oceanogr, vol.37, pp.1008-1017, 2014.

C. Brunori, C. Cremisini, P. Massanisso, V. Pinto, and L. Torricelli, Reuse of a treated red mud bauxite waste: Studies on environmental compatibility, J. Hazard. Mater, vol.117, pp.55-63, 2005.

L. Cabrol, L. Malhautier, F. Poly, A. S. Lepeuple, and J. L. Fanlo, Bacterial dynamics in steady-state biofilters: beyond functional stability, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol, vol.79, pp.260-271, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01427033

L. Cabrol, M. Quéméneur, M. , and B. , Inhibitory effects of sodium azide on microbial growth in experimental resuspension of marine sediment, J. Microbiol. Methods, vol.133, pp.62-65, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-01647866

M. G. Cantwell and R. M. Burgess, Variability of parameters measured during the resuspension of sediments with a particle entrainment simulator, Chemosphere, vol.56, pp.51-58, 2004.

J. G. Caporaso, J. Kuczynski, J. Stombaugh, K. Bittinger, F. D. Bushman et al., QIIME allows analysis of highthroughput community sequencing data, Nat. Met, vol.7, pp.335-336, 2010.

B. Cichy, H. Jaroszek, P. , and A. , Cadmium in phosphate fertilizers ; ecological and economical aspects, Chemik, vol.68, pp.20-22, 2014.

M. T. Cottrell and D. L. Kirchman, Natural assemblages of marine proteobacteria adn members of the Cytophaga-Flavobacter clustler consuming low-and high-molecular-weight dissolved organic matter, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.66, pp.1692-1697, 2000.

S. A. Cumberland, G. Douglas, K. Grice, and J. W. Moreau, Uranium mobility in organic matter-rich sediments: a review of geological and geochemical processes, Earth-Science Rev, vol.159, pp.160-185, 2016.

A. R. Currie, K. Tait, H. Parry, B. De-francisco-mora, N. Hicks et al., Marine microbial gene abundance and community composition in response to ocean acidification and elevated temperature in two contrasting coastal marine sediments, Front. Microbiol, vol.8, p.1599, 2017.

D. H. Dang, V. Lenoble, G. Durrieu, D. Omanovi´comanovi´c, J. U. Mullot et al., Seasonal variations of coastal sedimentary trace metals cycling: Insight on the effect of manganese and iron (oxy)hydroxides, sulphide and organic matter, Mar. Pollut. Bull, vol.92, pp.113-124, 2015.

S. E. Dowd, T. R. Callaway, R. D. Wolcott, Y. Sun, T. Mckeehan et al., Evaluation of the bacterial diversity in the feces of cattle using 16S rDNA bacterial tag-encoded FLX amplicon pyrosequencing (bTEFAP), 2008.

, BMC Microbiol, vol.8, pp.1-8

R. C. Edgar, Search and clustering orders of magnitude faster than BLAST, Bioinformatics, vol.26, pp.2460-2461, 2010.

J. Eggleton, T. , and K. V. , A review of factors affecting the release and bioavailability of contaminants during sediment disturbance events, Environ. Int, vol.30, pp.973-980, 2004.

A. El-kateb, C. Stalder, A. Rüggeberg, C. Neururer, J. E. Spangenberg et al., Impact of industrial phosphate waste discharge on the marine environment in the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia), PLoS ONE, vol.13, p.197731, 2018.

R. El-zrelli, P. Courjault-radé, L. Rabaoui, S. Castet, S. Michel et al., Heavy metal contamination and ecological risk assessment in the surface sediments of the coastal area surrounding the industrial complex of Gabes city, Mar. Pollut. Bull, vol.101, pp.922-929, 2015.

R. El-zrelli, P. Courjault-radé, L. Rabaoui, N. Daghbouj, L. Mansour et al., Biomonitoring of coastal pollution in the Gulf of Gabes (SE, Tunisia): use of Posidonia oceanica seagrass as a bioindicator and its mat as an archive of coastal metallic contamination, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res, vol.24, pp.22214-22225, 2017.

R. El-zrelli, L. Rabaoui, M. Ben-alaya, N. Daghbouj, S. Castet et al., Seawater quality assessment and identification of pollution sources along the central coastal area of Gabes Gulf (SE Tunisia): evidence of industrial impact and implications for marine environment protection, Mar. Pollut. Bull, vol.127, pp.445-452, 2018.

V. Fonti, A. Dell'anno, and F. Beolchini, Influence of biogeochemical interactions on metal bioleaching performance in contaminated marine sediment, Water Res, vol.47, pp.5139-5152, 2013.

R. Fourati, M. Tedetti, C. Guigue, M. Goutx, N. Garcia et al., Sources and spatial distribution of dissolved aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface coastal waters of the Gulf of Gabès, Prog. Oceanogr, vol.163, pp.232-247, 2018.

R. Fourati, M. Tedetti, C. Guigue, M. Goutx, H. Zaghden et al., Natural and anthropogenic particulate-bound aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface waters of the Gulf of Gabès, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res, vol.25, pp.2476-2494, 2018.

G. M. Gadd, Bioremedial potential of microbial mechanisms, Curr Opin Biotechnol, vol.11, pp.271-279, 2000.

G. M. Gadd, Microbial influence on metal mobility and application for bioremediation, Geoderma, vol.122, pp.109-119, 2004.

G. M. Gadd, Metals, minerals and microbes: Geomicrobiology and bioremediation. Microbiology, vol.156, pp.609-643, 2010.

D. Gargouri, C. Azri, M. M. Serbaji, Y. Jedoui, and M. Montacer, Heavy metal concentrations in the surface marine sediments of Sfax Coast, Tunisia. Environ. Monit. Assess, vol.175, pp.519-530, 2011.

N. Ghannem, D. Gargouri, M. M. Sarbeji, C. Yaich, A. et al., Metal contamination of surface sediments of the Sfax-Chebba coastal line, Tunisia. Environ. Earth Sci, vol.72, pp.3419-3427, 2014.

M. Ghilardi, D. Psomiadis, S. Cordier, D. Delanghe-sabatier, F. Demory et al., The impact of early-to mid-Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes on Neolithic settlement at Nea Nikomideia, Quat. Int, vol.266, pp.47-61, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01485625

D. C. Gillan, B. Danis, P. Pernet, G. Joly, and P. Dubois, Structure of sediment-associated microbial communities along a heavy-metal contamination gradient in the marine environment, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.71, pp.679-690, 2005.

M. Goni-urriza, H. Moussard, C. Lafabrie, C. Carré, M. Bouvy et al., Consequences of contamination on the interactions between phytoplankton and bacterioplankton, vol.195, pp.212-222, 2018.

J. I. Good, The population frequencies of species and the estimation of population parameters, Biometrika, vol.40, pp.237-264, 1953.

C. Guigue, M. Tedetti, D. H. Dang, J. Mullot, C. Garnier et al., Remobilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organic matter in seawater during sediment resuspension experiments from a polluted coastal environment: insights from Toulon Bay (France), Environ. Pollut, vol.229, pp.627-638, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01635969

H. M. Guzmán, J. , and K. E. , Vanadium century record from Caribbean reef corals: a tracer of oil pollution in Panama, Ambio, vol.25, pp.523-526, 1996.

I. Hamdi, M. Denis, A. Bellaaj-zouari, H. Khemakhem, M. Bel-hassen et al., The characterisation and summer distribution of ultraphytoplankton in the Gulf of Gabès (Eastern Mediterranean Sea, Tunisia) by using flow cytometry, Cont. Shelf Res, vol.93, pp.27-38, 2015.

M. B. Hassen, A. Hamza, Z. Drira, A. Zouari, F. Akrout et al., Phytoplankton-pigment signatures and their relationship to springsummer stratification in the Gulf of Gabes, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci, vol.83, pp.296-306, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00485881

T. Jong and D. L. Parry, Removal of sulfate and heavy metals by sulfate reducing bacteria in short-term bench scale upflow anaerobic packed bed reactor runs, Water Res, vol.37, pp.165-174, 2003.

L. H. Kalnejais, W. R. Martin, and M. H. Bothner, The release of dissolved nutrients and metals from coastal sediments due to resuspension, Mar. Chem, vol.121, pp.224-235, 2010.

E. H. Kim, R. P. Mason, E. T. Porter, and H. L. Soulen, The impact of resuspension on sediment mercury dynamics, and methylmercury production and fate: a mesocosm study, Mar. Chem, vol.102, pp.300-315, 2006.

N. Kiratli and M. Ergin, Partitioning of heavy metals in surface Black Sea sediments, Appl. Geochemistry, vol.11, pp.775-788, 1996.

E. Krause, A. Wichels, L. Giménez, M. Lunau, M. B. Schilhabel et al., Small changes in pH have direct effects on marine bacterial community composition: a microcosm approach, PLoS ONE, vol.7, p.47035, 2012.

S. Liu, H. Ren, L. Shen, L. Lou, G. Tian et al., pH levels drive bacterial community structure in the Qiantang River as determined by 454 pyrosequencing, Front. Microbiol, vol.6, p.285, 2015.

M. C. Martín-torre, M. C. Payán, B. Galán, A. Coz, and J. R. Viguri, The use of leaching tests to assess metal release from contaminated marine sediment under CO2 leakages from CCS, Energy Procedia, vol.51, pp.40-47, 2013.

N. Mayot, F. Ortenzio, M. R. D'alcalà, H. Lavigne, C. et al., Interannual variability of the Mediterranean trophic regimes from ocean color satellites, Biogeosciences, vol.13, pp.1901-1917, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01341963

F. Millero, R. Woosley, B. Ditrolio, and J. Waters, Effect of ocean acidification on the speciation of metals in seawater, Oceanography, vol.22, pp.72-85, 2009.

L. Monnin, P. Ciffroy, J. M. Garnier, J. Ambrosi, R. et al., Remobilization of trace metals during laboratory resuspension of contaminated sediments from a dam reservoir, J. Soils Sediments, vol.18, pp.2596-2613, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02054688

H. S. Moon, J. Komlos, J. , and P. R. , Uranium reoxidation in previously bioreduced sediment by dissolved oxygen and nitrate, Environ. Sci. Technol, vol.41, pp.4587-4592, 2007.

I. Naifar, F. Pereira, R. Zmemla, M. Bouaziz, B. Elleuch et al., Spatial distribution and contamination assessment of heavy metals in marine sediments of the southern coast of Sfax, Mar. Pollut. Bull, vol.131, pp.53-62, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01765167

L. A. O'sullivan, J. Rinna, G. Humphreys, A. J. Weightman, and J. C. Fry, Culturable phylogenetic diversity of the phylum "Bacteroidetes" from river epilithon and coastal water and description of novel members of the family Flavobacteriaceae: Epilithonimonas tenax gen. nov., sp. nov. and Persicivirga xylanidelens gen. nov., sp, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol, vol.56, pp.169-180, 2006.

J. F. Peng, Y. H. Song, P. Yuan, X. Y. Cui, and G. L. Qiu, The remediation of heavy metals contaminated sediment, J. Hazard. Mater, vol.161, pp.633-640, 2009.

M. Quéméneur, F. Garrido, P. Billard, D. Breeze, C. Leyval et al., Bacterial community structure and functional arrA gene diversity associated with arsenic reduction and release in an industrially contaminated soil, Geomicrobiol. J, vol.33, pp.839-849, 2016.

L. Rabaoui, R. El-zrelli, M. Ben-mansour, R. Balti, L. Mansour et al., On the relationship between the diversity and structure of benthic macroinvertebrate communities and sediment enrichment with heavy metals in Gabes Gulf, Tunisia. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc, vol.95, pp.233-245, 2015.

I. Reijonen, M. Metzler, and H. Hartikainen, Impact of soil pH and organic matter on the chemical bioavailability of vanadium species: the underlying basis for risk assessment, Environ. Pollut, vol.210, pp.371-379, 2016.

A. Rekik, Z. Drira, W. Guermazi, J. Elloumi, S. Maalej et al., Impacts of an uncontrolled phosphogypsum dumpsite on summer distribution of phytoplankton, copepods and ciliates in relation to abiotic variables along the near-shore of the southwestern Mediterranean coast, Mar. Pollut. Bull, vol.64, pp.336-346, 2012.

S. Ross, Toxic Metals in Soil-Plant Systems, 1994.

C. Sammari, V. G. Koutitonsky, and M. Moussa, Sea level variability and tidal resonance in the Gulf of Gabes, Tunisia. Cont. Shelf Res, vol.26, pp.338-350, 2006.

I. Saulnier and A. Mucci, Trace metal remobilization following the resuspension of estuarine sediments: Saguenay Fjord, Canada. Appl. Geochemistry, vol.15, pp.191-210, 2000.

C. E. Shannon and W. Weaver, The Mathematical Theory of Communication, 1949.

H. J. Shipley, Y. Gao, A. T. Kan, and M. B. Tomson, Mobilization of trace metals and inorganic compounds during resuspension of Anoxic Sediments from Trepangier Bayou, Louisiana. J. Environ. Qual, vol.40, pp.484-491, 2011.

E. H. Simpson, Measurement of diversity, Nature, vol.163, p.688, 1949.

M. Y. Sun, K. A. Dafforn, M. V. Brown, and E. L. Johnston, Bacterial communities are sensitive indicators of contaminant stress, Mar. Pollut. Bull, vol.64, pp.1029-1038, 2012.

H. H. Tabak, P. Lens, E. D. Van-hullebusch, D. , and W. , Developments in bioremediation of soils and sediments polluted with metals and radionuclides-1. Microbial processes and mechanisms affecting bioremediation of metal contamination and influencing metal toxicity and transport, Rev. Environ. Sci. Biotechnol, vol.4, pp.115-156, 2005.

E. Tessier, C. Garnier, J. U. Mullot, V. Lenoble, M. Arnaud et al., Study of the spatial and historical distribution of sediment inorganic contamination in the Toulon bay (France), Mar. Pollut. Bull, vol.62, pp.2075-2086, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01096845

K. Wang, D. Zhang, J. Xiong, X. Chen, J. Zheng et al., Response of bacterioplankton communities to cadmium exposure in coastal water microcosms with high temporal variability, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.81, pp.231-240, 2015.

Z. Wang, Y. Wang, P. Zhao, L. Chen, C. Yan et al., Metal release from contaminated coastal sediments under changing pH conditions: Implications for metal mobilization in acidified oceans, Mar. Pollut. Bull, vol.101, pp.707-715, 2015.

C. White, I. A. Sayer, and G. M. Gadd, Microbial solubilization and immobilization of toxic metals: key biogeochemical processes for treatment of contamination, FEMS Microbiol Rev, vol.20, pp.503-516, 1997.

V. Witt, C. Wild, K. R. Anthony, G. Diaz-pulido, U. et al., Effects of ocean acidification on microbial community composition of, and oxygen fluxes through, biofilms from the Great Barrier Reef, Environ. Microbiol, vol.13, pp.2976-2989, 2011.

Y. Wu, J. Zeng, Q. Zhu, Z. Zhang, L. et al., pH is the primary determinant of the bacterial community structure in agricultural soils impacted by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon pollution, Sci. Rep, vol.7, p.40093, 2017.

W. Xu, X. Li, O. W. Wai, W. Huang, Y. et al., Remobilization of trace metals from contaminated marine sediment in a simulated dynamic environment, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res, vol.22, 2015.

I. M. Yamazaki, G. , and L. P. , Uranium content in phosphate fertilizers commercially produced in Brazil, Appl. Radiat. Isot, vol.59, pp.133-136, 2003.

H. Zaghden, M. M. Serbaji, A. Saliot, and S. Sayadi, The Tunisian Mediterranean coastline: potential threats from urban discharges SfaxTunisian Mediterranean coasts, Desalin. Water Treat, vol.57, pp.24765-24777, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01498152

H. Zouch, F. Karray, F. Armougom, S. Chifflet, A. Hirschler-réa et al., Microbial diversity in sulfate-reducing marine sediment enrichment cultures associated with anaerobic biotransformation of coastal stockpiled phosphogypsum, Front. Microbiol, vol.8, p.1583, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01622007