Characterizing Earth gravity field fluctuations with the MIGA antenna for future Gravitational Wave detectors

Abstract : Fluctuations of the earth's gravity field are a major noise source for ground-based experiments investigating general relativity phenomena such as Gravitational Waves (GWs). Mass density variations caused by local seismic or atmospheric perturbations determine spurious differential displacements of the free falling test masses, what is called Gravity Gradient Noise (GGN); it mimics GW effects. This GGN is expected to become dominant in the infrasound domain and must be tackled for the future realization of observatories exploring GWs at low frequency. GGN will be studied with the MIGA experiment, a demonstrator for low frequency GW detection based on atom interferometry - now in construction at the low noise underground laboratory LSBB in France. MIGA will provide precise measurements of local gravity, probed by a network of three free-falling atom test masses separated up to 150 m. We model the effect of GGN for MIGA and use seismic and atmospheric data recorded at LSBB to characterize their impact on the future measurements. We show that the antenna will be able to characterize GGN using dedicated data analysis methods.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01973074
Contributeur : Benjamin Canuel <>
Soumis le : mardi 8 janvier 2019 - 10:21:19
Dernière modification le : lundi 18 mars 2019 - 16:09:21

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  • HAL Id : hal-01973074, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1902.05337

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Joseph Junca, Andrea Bertoldi, Dylan O. Sabulsky, Grégoire Lefèvre, Xinhao Zou, et al.. Characterizing Earth gravity field fluctuations with the MIGA antenna for future Gravitational Wave detectors. 2019. 〈hal-01973074〉

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