LIMK2-1, a new isoform of human LIMK2, regulates actin cytoskeleton remodeling via a different signaling pathway than that of its two homologs, LIMK2a and LIMK2b

Abstract : LIMK1 and LIMK2 (LIMKs) are kinases that play a crucial role in cytoskeleton dynamics by independently regulating both actin filament and microtubule remodeling. LIMK1, and more recently LIMK2, have been shown to be involved in cancer development and metastasis, resistance of cancer cells to microtubule targeted treatments, neurological diseases, and viral infection. LIMKs have thus recently emerged as new therapeutic targets. Databanks describe three isoforms of human LIMK2: LIMK2a, LIMK2b, and LIMK2-1. Evidence suggests that they may not have completely overlapping functions. We biochemically characterized the three isoforms to better delineate their potential roles, focusing on LIMK2-1, which has only been described at the mRNA level in a single study. LIMK2-1 has a Protein Phosphatase 1 (PP1) inhibitory domain at its C-terminus which its two counterparts do not. We showed that the LIMK2-1 protein is indeed synthesized. LIMK2-1 does not phosphorylate cofilin, the canonical substrate of LIMKs, although it has kinase activity and promotes actin stress fiber formation. Instead, it interacts with PP1 and partially inhibits its activity towards cofilin. Our data suggest that LIMK2-1 regulates actin cytoskeleton dynamics by preventing PP1-mediated cofilin dephosphorylation, rather than by directly phosphorylating cofilin as its two counterparts, LIMK2a and LIMK2b. This specificity may allow for tight regulation of the phospho-cofilin pool, determining the fate of the cell.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 28, 2018 - 1:00:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 15, 2019 - 4:52:03 PM

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Béatrice Vallée, Hélène Cuberos, Michel Doudeau, Fabienne Godin, David Gosset, et al.. LIMK2-1, a new isoform of human LIMK2, regulates actin cytoskeleton remodeling via a different signaling pathway than that of its two homologs, LIMK2a and LIMK2b. Biochemical Journal, Portland Press, 2018, 475 (23), pp.3745-3761. ⟨hal-01966439⟩

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