L’hypothèse de l’acculturation dans le processus de néolithisation : approche logiciste de quelques exemples

Abstract : Neolithisation, i.e. the set of processes by which a society evolves towards the Neolithic, is a complex phenomenon involving multiple parameters and variables. In Western Europe, its gradual spread westward from a near-eastern outbreak also involves a variety of local scenarios, particularly in relation to the environments encountered, both natural and human. From this last point of view, it must therefore be taken into account that this Neolithic expansion took place in areas already occupied by Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, and that many contacts had to take place. However, it must be noted that the Mesolithics have finally disappeared, more or less rapidly, over the whole of this space. The modalities of this upheaval remain difficult to identify, and can call upon a whole range of scenarios. In the absence of traces of mass extermination of the last Mesolithics by the Neolithic settlers, a process of acculturation of one by the other constitutes a probable hypothesis underlying several of the models that may have been constructed. However, and in a very general way, the acculturation of one group by another requires at least a geographical and chronological proximity of the two actors, a condition which is however only very rarely explained. Furthermore, it is also necessary to be able to demonstrate the existence of such a process from an archaeological point of view, such as identifying material remains likely to illustrate it. In this article, we will examine several of these scenarios and discuss their construction by means of logicist analyses, a method where each argument put forward by the authors and each inference inferred are well specified and put in relation with each other, thus allowing to test the reliability and the coherence of the said scenarios. We will examine hypotheses developed in Northern Italy, Southern France and the Rhone basin.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 26, 2018 - 5:56:37 PM
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Thomas Perrin. L’hypothèse de l’acculturation dans le processus de néolithisation : approche logiciste de quelques exemples. Préhistoires méditerranéennes, Association pour la promotion de la préhistoire et de l'anthropologie méditerrannéennes, 2018, ⟨http://journals.openedition.org/pm/1351⟩. ⟨hal-01965712⟩

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