Mutual Information of Wireless Channels and Block-Jacobi Ergodic Operators

Abstract : Shannon's mutual information of a random multiple antenna and multipath channel is studied in the general case where the channel impulse response is an ergodic and stationary process. From this viewpoint, the channel is represented by an ergodic self-adjoint block-Jacobi operator, which is close in many aspects to a block version of a random Schrödinger operator. The mutual information is then related to the so-called density of states of this operator. In this paper, it is shown that under the weakest assumptions on the channel, the mutual information can be expressed in terms of a matrix-valued stochastic process coupled with the channel process. This allows numerical approximations of the mutual information in this general setting. Moreover, assuming further that the channel impulse response is a Markov process, a representation for the mutual information offset in the large Signal to Noise Ratio regime is obtained in terms of another related Markov process. This generalizes previous results from Levy et.al. [16, 17]. It is also illustrated how the mutual information expressions that are closely related to those predicted by the random matrix theory can be recovered in the large dimensional regime.
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Walid Hachem, Adrien Hardy, Shlomo Shamai. Mutual Information of Wireless Channels and Block-Jacobi Ergodic Operators. 2018. ⟨hal-01954454⟩

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