Speciation of iron; characterisation and structure of green rusts and FeII–III oxyhydroxycarbonate fougerite

Abstract : FeII-FeIII hydroxysalt green rusts (GR) are very reactive layered double hydroxides that can be characterised mainly by XRD and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Mössbauer spectra of the main compounds presented in this article are reviewed with special emphasis on those of GRs constituted of one or two ferrous doublets and one ferric doublet. The structure of GR has a stacking sequence of alternating brucite-like layers of FeII-III(OH)6 octahedrons and anion interlayers as confirmed from XRD patterns. There exist two kinds of structure named green rust one (GR1) and green rust two (GR2) with and space groups, respectively. Cation and anion distributions within Fe layers and interlayers match abundances of Mössbauer spectrum components. In the view of that, it can be suggested that the fougerite mineral is partially deprotonated FeII-III hydroxycarbonate with a general formula , where x is within the range [ ]. Cation substitution by MgII and AlIII cannot be excluded relating fougerite with other minerals like pyroaurite and hydrotalcite. To cite this article: J.-M.R. Génin et al., C. R. Geoscience 338 (2006).
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Jean-Marie Génin, Mustapha Abdelmoula, Christian Ruby, Chandan Upadhyay. Speciation of iron; characterisation and structure of green rusts and FeII–III oxyhydroxycarbonate fougerite. Comptes Rendus Géoscience, Elsevier Masson, 2006, 338 (6-7), pp.402-419. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2006.04.005⟩. ⟨hal-01953010⟩

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