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Interactions between char and tar during the steam gasification in a fluidized bed reactor

Abstract : The aim of the present work is to understand the different interactions which may occur between the char and a tar model (toluene) in a fluidized bed reactor during biomass char gasification with steam. Experiments are conducted at 850 °C and atmospheric pressure with sand particles as solid medium. The influence of steam and toluene partial pressures on both the char reactivity and the presence of tar in the product gas was investigated in the range of 0.05–0.4 bars and 0.0025 and 0.0075 bars (10.1 and 30.4 g.Nm−3), respectively. Results showed that the presence of char in the fluidized bed reactor leads to toluene polymerization (cokefaction) which produces a carbonaceous deposit (coke) on its surface. This deposit is much less reactive towards steam gasification than the initial char. For the operating conditions used in this study, it was found that the rate of tars polymerization () is always smaller than the one of coke and char gasification (). Finally, a comparison between the different solid catalysts in the fluidized bed reactor revealed that olivine is the best catalyst towards toluene conversion when the ratio is higher than 1.5 in the reactive gas atmosphere. Otherwise, for a steam partial pressure higher than 0.2 bars, “olivine + 3% char” and “sand + 3% char” were found to be the best compromise to limit the amount of tar in the product gas.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2018 - 11:49:46 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 12, 2021 - 10:50:22 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 6, 2019 - 1:44:45 PM

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Mathieu Morin, Xavier Nitsch, Mehrdji Hemati. Interactions between char and tar during the steam gasification in a fluidized bed reactor. Fuel, Elsevier, 2018, 224, pp.600-609. ⟨10.1016/j.fuel.2018.03.050⟩. ⟨hal-01945384⟩

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