Opportunities in Higher Education: An Application to France

Abstract : This paper first sets out criteria to evaluate the inequality of opportunity in higher education. We propose a two-level classification by distinguishing the categorial and the counterfactual approaches. For each approach we consider dominance quasi-orderings and inequality measures. We then apply these criteria to the French higher education system by comparing the situations in 1992 and 2004. Our main findings suggest: (i) that there is inequality of opportunity in each of the two years; and (ii) that the inequality of opportunity tends to increase during the reporting period, especially the opportunity to graduate in the lowest and highest levels of education.
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Magali Jaoul-Grammare, Brice Magdalou. Opportunities in Higher Education: An Application to France. Annals of Economics and Statistics, CNGP-INSEE, 2013, pp.295-325. ⟨10.2307/23646335⟩. ⟨hal-01935847⟩

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