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A numerical transcendental method in algebraic geometry: Computation of Picard groups and related invarian

Abstract : Based on high precision computation of periods and lattice reduction techniques, we compute the Picard group of smooth surfaces in P3. As an application, we count the number of rational curves of a given degree lying on each surface. For quartic surfaces we also compute the endomorphism ring of their transcendental lattice. The method applies more generally to the computation of the lattice generated by Hodge cycles of middle dimension on smooth projective hypersurfaces. We demonstratethe method by a systematic study of thousands of quartic surfaces (K3 surfaces) defined by sparse polynomials. The results are only supported by strong numerical evidence; yet, the possibility of error is quantified in intrinsic terms, like the degree of curves generating the Picard group.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 3:21:42 PM
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Pierre Lairez, Emre Can Sertöz. A numerical transcendental method in algebraic geometry: Computation of Picard groups and related invarian. SIAM Journal on Applied Algebra and Geometry, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics 2019, 3 (4), pp.559-584. ⟨10.1137/18M122861X⟩. ⟨hal-01932147v2⟩

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