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Microbial community development and unseen diversity recovery in inoculated sterile soil

Abstract : Soil is considered as one of the most biodiverse environments on Earth; yet, the taxonomy, occurrence, and role of its different microbial populations are largely unknown. Here, two sterilized soils (from England and Italy) were inoculated with a subsample of their initial microbial communities and/or those from the other soil to study their microbial community evolution. This approach compared two driving factors (original community and soil physicochemical characteristics) for microbial community definition. After 2 months of incubation and based on metagenomic datasets, the two inoculated communities (from an English grassland and an Italian forest) possessed similar functional and taxonomical structures when inoculated in the same sterile soil. For example, the newly colonized Italian soil was dominated by Actinobacteria related organisms (>66 % of the detected community) with a functional distribution independent of the inoculated soil origin. In addition, some of the organisms that dominated the different inoculated communities after 2 months were similar for a given sterile soil whether they came from the English grassland or the Italian forest, and they had not been detected in the original microbial community from either soil. Thus, similar microorganisms with low representation from the two distinct communities emerged in each sterilized soil, thus increasing the microbial diversity recovered from the microbial community of the donor soil. So far, these observations support the idea that different temperate soil microbial communities have different evenness due to environmental physico-chemical variations, yet have similar community composition (richness), and thus develop similarly when colonizing the same habitat.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01928111
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2018 - 12:29:04 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 25, 2022 - 6:54:49 PM

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Tom Delmont, Davide Francioli, Sophie Jacquesson, Sandra Laoudi, Alban Mathieu, et al.. Microbial community development and unseen diversity recovery in inoculated sterile soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2014, 50 (7), pp.1069 - 1076. ⟨10.1007/s00374-014-0925-8⟩. ⟨hal-01928111⟩

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