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Production of vineomycin A1 and chaetoglobosin A by Streptomyces sp. PAL114

Abstract : An actinobacteria strain PAL114, isolated from a Saharan soil in Algeria, produces bioactive compounds. Morphological and chemical studies indicated that this strain belongs to the genus Streptomyces. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed a similarity level of 99.8 % with S. griseoflavus LMG 19344T, the most closely related species. Two bioactive compounds, named P44 and P40, were extracted by dichloromethane from the cell-free supernatant broth and were purified by HPLC. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the compounds were determined against pathogenic and toxigenic microorganisms, most of which are multiresistant to antibiotics. The P40 fraction showed a strong activity especially against Candida albicans, Bacillus subtilis, and Staphylococcus aureus and has lower MIC values than those of P44 against most microorganisms tested. Chemical structures of compounds were determined based on spectroscopic and spectrometric analyses (UV-visible, mass, 1H, and 13C NMR spectra). The compounds P44 and P40 were identified as vineomycin A1 and chaetoglobosin A, respectively. Vineomycin A1 is known to be produced by some Streptomyces species. However, chaetoglobosin A is known to be produced only by fungi belonging to the genera Chaetomium, Penicillium, and Calonectria. This is the first time that chaetoglobosin A, known for its antimicrobial, anticancer, and cytotoxic effects, is reported in prokaryotes.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 15, 2018 - 1:18:39 PM
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Adel Aouiche, Atika Meklat, Christian Bijani, Abdelghani Zitouni, Nasserdine Sabaou, et al.. Production of vineomycin A1 and chaetoglobosin A by Streptomyces sp. PAL114. Annals of Microbiology, Springer, 2015, 65 (3), pp.1351-1359. ⟨10.1007/s13213-014-0973-1⟩. ⟨hal-01923617⟩

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