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A Fixed-Wing Biplane MAV for Low Speed Missions

Abstract : Practical MAVs missions, such as outdoor urban environment recognitions, simultaneously require a capability of both dashing to escape enemy fire and slowly loitering over a target in order to capture and transmit clear images to a ground station. Since an MAV intrinsically offers better payload and endurance capabilities than a rotorcraft of an equal size, fixed-wing MAVs can be considered as promising platforms to start with. The objective of this study is to investigate the possibility of developing a fixed-wing MAV which can both perform rapid translations and low-speed flights through urban canyons. Alow-speed wind tunnel testing is conducted to compare several powered configurations including monoplane, biplane and tandem wing combinations. The testing also focuses on wing-propeller interactions. Results indicate that a positive stagger biplane configuration powered by counter-rotating propellers placed in pusher position provides the best trade-off between a high-speed performance and a low-speed capability with a limited electric consumption. Consequently, a 30 cm span MAV biplane prototype, named TYTO-30, has been designed and built. TYTO-30 is equipped with a 110g-payload which includes a video camera, navigation and autopilot system and has been flight tested successfully.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 9, 2018 - 11:54:31 AM
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Chinnapat Thipyopas, Jean-Marc Moschetta. A Fixed-Wing Biplane MAV for Low Speed Missions. International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles, SAGE, 2009, 1 (1), pp.13-33. ⟨10.1260/1756-8293.1.1.13⟩. ⟨hal-01917271⟩

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