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Clearance vs. tolerance for rigid overconstrained assemblies

Abstract : In order to manage quality, companies need to predict performance varia-tions of products due to the manufacturing components deviations. Usually, to enable the assembly of overconstrained mechanical structure, engineers introduce clearance inside joints. We call mechanical assembly, a set of undeformable components connected together by mechanical joints. This paper presents a solution: firstly, to compute the minimum value of clearance for any given components sizes, and, secondly, to simulate variation of the minimum clearance value when the components dimensions vary between two limits. To achieve this goal, a regularized closure function G is defined. It depends on dimensional parameters, u, representing components dimensions, on positional parameters, p, representing components positions and on clearance parameters, j, representing mechanical joints clearance. A constrained optimization problem is solved to determine the minimum clearance value. An imaginative solution based on numerical integration of an ordinary differential equation is proposed to show the clearance variation. The method is designed to be used during the preliminary phase of overcontrained assemblies design. An advantage is the small number of input data unlike the tolerance analysis dedicated software.
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Jean-François Rameau, Philippe Serré, Mireille Moinet. Clearance vs. tolerance for rigid overconstrained assemblies. Computer-Aided Design, Elsevier, 2018, 97, pp.27-40. ⟨10.1016/j.cad.2017.12.001⟩. ⟨hal-01916579⟩

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