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Highly sensitive olfactory biosensors for the detection of volatile organic compounds by surface plasmon resonance imaging

Abstract : Nowadays, monitoring of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is very important in various domains. In this work, we aimed to develop sensitive olfactory biosensors using odorant binding proteins (OBPs) as sensing materials. Three rat OBP3 derivatives with customized binding properties were designed and immobilized on the same chip for the detection of VOCs in solution by surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi). We demonstrated that the proteins kept their binding properties after the immobilization under optimized conditions. The obtained olfactory biosensors exhibited very low limits of detection in both concentration (200pM of beta-ionone) and in molecular weight of VOCs (100g/mol for hexanal). Such a performance obtained with SPRi in solution is especially remarkable. We hypothesized that the binding of VOCs to the active sites of OBPs induced a local conformational change in the proteins. This change would give rise to a variation of refractive index, to which SPRi is extremely sensitive. In addition, the olfactory biosensors showed a high selectivity especially at relatively low VOC concentrations. With optimized regeneration procedures, they also showed very good repeatability not only from measurement to measurement but also from chip to chip with a lifespan up to almost two months. These olfactory biosensors are particularly interesting for trace detection of VOCs in solution.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01915890
Contributor : Charlotte Hurot <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 8, 2018 - 9:59:31 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:34 AM

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Charlotte Hurot, Sophie Brenet, Arnaud Buhot, Emilie Barou, Christine Belloir, et al.. Highly sensitive olfactory biosensors for the detection of volatile organic compounds by surface plasmon resonance imaging. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Elsevier, 2019, 123, pp.230 - 236. ⟨10.1016/j.bios.2018.08.072⟩. ⟨hal-01915890⟩

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