La France du Nord (Champagne-Ardenne, Île-de-France, Nord, Basse-Normandie, Haute-Normandie, Pas-de-Calais, Picardie)

Abstract : It is in Northern France that excavations provided the first evidence for true Celtic sanctuaries of the Middle La Tene period (3rd century BC), especially at Gournay-sur-Aronde (Oise). The main features of these cult places strongly appear here : a quadrangular sacred area within a ditch and a timber palisade, a monumental entranceway, the presence at the centre of the space, not of a shrine but of a hollow altar, often connected to a hearth and generally covered by a shelter. Cult remains are numerous: animal bones testifying regular sacrifices of cattle, sheep, pig, weapon votive deposits. These discoveries largely confirm the testimonies collected from classical authors, of which a reassessment can be done : so the facts recorded by Posidonius about religion could belong for the most part, to the end of the fourth century or early third century, and refer to the Northern part of Gaul. From now on, investigations on cult sites in this region are moving towards other types of arrangements, trophaeum, hérôon, place of justice...
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Submitted on : Saturday, November 3, 2018 - 12:01:57 PM
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Jean-Louis Brunaux, Claude Malagoli, Bernard Lambot, Gérard Bataille. La France du Nord (Champagne-Ardenne, Île-de-France, Nord, Basse-Normandie, Haute-Normandie, Pas-de-Calais, Picardie). Gallia - Archéologie de la France antique, CNRS Éditions, 2003, Dossier : Cultes et sanctuaires en France à l’âge du Fer, 60, pp.9-73. ⟨10.3406/galia.2003.3143⟩. ⟨hal-01911706⟩

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