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Strain-specific estimation of epidemic success provides insights into the transmission dynamics of tuberculosis

Abstract : The transmission dynamics of tuberculosis involves complex interactions of socio-economic and, possibly, microbiological factors. We describe an analytical framework to infer factors of epidemic success based on the joint analysis of epidemiological, clinical and pathogen genetic data. We derive isolate-specific, genetic distance-based estimates of epidemic success, and we represent success-related time-dependent concepts, namely epidemicity and endemicity, by restricting analysis to specific time scales. The method is applied to analyze a surveillance-based cohort of 1,641 tuberculosis patients with minisatellite-based isolate genotypes. Known predictors of isolate endemicity (older age, native status) and epidemicity (younger age, sputum smear positivity) were identified with high confidence (P \textless 0.001). Long-term epidemic success also correlated with the ability of Euro-American and Beijing MTBC lineages to cause active pulmonary infection, independent of patient age and country of origin. Our results demonstrate how important insights into the transmission dynamics of tuberculosis can be gained from active surveillance data.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01911199
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Submitted on : Friday, November 2, 2018 - 3:11:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 21, 2021 - 3:10:02 PM

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Jean-Philippe Rasigade, Maxime Barbier, Oana Dumitrescu, Catherine Pichat, Gérard Carret, et al.. Strain-specific estimation of epidemic success provides insights into the transmission dynamics of tuberculosis. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7, pp.45326. ⟨10.1038/srep45326⟩. ⟨hal-01911199⟩

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