Le Néolithique ancien de la plaine de Nîmes (Gard)

Abstract : Evidence for early Neolithic settlements in southern France is still quite fragmentary and is most often limited to a few features or parts of structural remains. South of the town of Nîmes, in the Gard département, the increase in preventive archaeology fieldwork over the last two decades has led to the discovery of three quite well-preserved settlement sites, together with a dozen or so sites with slighter traces of occupation. All these sites date to the Languedoc Epicardial, which approximately covers the period 5100-4800 BC. The preservation of a soil horizon as well as subsoil features on these settlements enables spatial patterning to be examined. The artefacts recovered (pottery, flint, quartz, macrolithic tools, ornaments, ochre…) illustrate Epicardial material culture and its development over several centuries. Combined with sourcing of materials, analyses of botanical, faunal and snail assemblages illustrate how these sites relate to their territory and environment. Lastly, the increase in trial trenching and preventive excavation now makes it possible to determine which parts of the region actually remained unoccupied. These sites thus provide a whole range of evidence enabling the space-time dynamics of settlement to be investigated at a regional scale.
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Contributor : Thomas Perrin <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 1, 2018 - 6:40:50 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01910487, version 1



Thomas Perrin, Claire Manen, Pierre Séjalon. Le Néolithique ancien de la plaine de Nîmes (Gard). Archives d'Ecologie Préhistorique, pp.494, 2014, 978-2-35842-013-6. ⟨http://www.archeoaep.fr/?product=le-neolithique-ancien-de-la-plaine-de-nimes⟩. ⟨hal-01910487⟩



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