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Assessing the Combined Antibacterial Effect of Isoniazid and Rifampin on Four Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains Using In Vitro Experiments and Response-Surface Modeling

Abstract : While isoniazid and rifampin have been the cornerstone of tuberculosis therapy caused by drug-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis for more than 40 years, their combined action has never been thoroughly assessed by modern quantitative pharmacology approaches. The aims of this work were to perform in vitro experiments and mathematical modeling of the antibacterial effect of isoniazid and rifampin alone and in combination against various strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis After MIC determination of H37Rv and three strains belonging to the Beijing, Euro-American, and Indo-Oceanic lineages, the antibacterial effects of isoniazid and rifampin alone and in combination were studied in static time-kill experiments. A sigmoidal maximum effect model (Hill equation) and a response-surface model were used to describe the effect of the drugs alone and in combination, respectively. The killing effect of isoniazid and rifampin alone were well described by the Hill equation. Rifampin displayed a more concentration-dependent effect than isoniazid around the MIC. The pharmacodynamics parameters of each drug (maximal effect, median effect concentration, and coefficient of sigmoidicity) were quite similar between the four strains. The response-surface model from Minto et al. fit data of combined effect very well with low bias and imprecision (C. F. Minto, T. W. Schnider, T. G. Short, K. M. Gregg, A. Gentilini, Anesthesiology 92:1603-1616, 2000, https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-200006000-00017). Response-surface modeling showed that the combined action of isoniazid and rifampin was synergistic for the H37Rv, Beijing, and Euro-American strains but only additive for the Indo-Oceanic strain. This study can serve as a motivating example for preclinical evaluation of combined action of antituberculous drugs.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01908846
Contributor : Laure-Hélène Davoine <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 30, 2018 - 3:53:58 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 5:20:04 PM

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Charlotte Genestet, Florence Ader, Catherine Pichat, Gérard Lina, Oana Dumitrescu, et al.. Assessing the Combined Antibacterial Effect of Isoniazid and Rifampin on Four Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains Using In Vitro Experiments and Response-Surface Modeling. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society for Microbiology, 2018, 62 (1), ⟨10.1128/AAC.01413-17⟩. ⟨hal-01908846⟩

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