Isaac Papin (1657-1709). Itinéraire d’un humaniste réformé, de l’École de Saumur au jansénisme - Position de thèse

Abstract :

Theologian of the Grand Siècle, minor of the Republic of Letters, Isaac Papin (1657-1709) was born Calvinist. He belongs to the so-called theological school “École de Saumur” : spiritual son of pioneering theologian Claude Pajon (his uncle), he adopts his theories on grace and, as a Spinoza reader from 1681, he develops an original design of tolerance during a boom period on this issue in Protestant thinking. At the time of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Papin joins the Refuge : he is then close to Letters’ citizens such as Jacques Lenfant, Jean Le Clerc and Pierre Bayle. He first moves to England where he is ordained priest of the Anglican Church. Then he goes to the United Provinces and to the Holy Empire, where he tries to settle as a pastor of a Walloon Church. His innovative identity triggers opposition from the Orthodox Pierre Jurieu (Pajon’s former enemy) that prevents him from reaching his goal. He decides to convert and returns to France in 1690, where he becomes a Catholic under the authority of Bossuet. Until then nomadic Huguenot of the Republic of Letters, Papin turns into a sedentary Catholic in his hometown, Blois. He becomes one of the actors of the anti-Protestant controversy and approaches Jansenism thanks to a friend who is also a converted Calvinist pastor. By combining the social history of theological and religious networks and the history of ideas and controversies, this intellectual biography traces the particular path of a converted theologian of the Grand Siècle, from reformed humanism of Saumur to quesnellian Jansenism.

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Thomas Guillemin. Isaac Papin (1657-1709). Itinéraire d’un humaniste réformé, de l’École de Saumur au jansénisme - Position de thèse. Etudes théologiques et religieuses, 2017, pp.827-836. ⟨⟩. ⟨10.3917/etr.924.0827 ⟩. ⟨hal-01907914⟩



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