MALDI mass spectrometry imaging and in situ microproteomics of Listeria monocytogenes biofilms

Abstract : MALDI-TOF Mass spectrometry Imaging (MSI) is a surface-sampling technology that can determine spatial information and relative abundance of analytes directly from biological samples. Human listeriosis cases are due to the ingestion of contaminated foods with the pathogenic bacteria Listeria monocytogenes. The reduction of water availability in food workshops by decreasing the air relative humidity (RH) is one strategy to improve the control of bacterial contamination. This study aims to develop and implement an MSI approach on L. monocytogenes biofilms and proof of concept using a dehumidified stress condition. MSI allowed examining the distribution of low molecular weight proteins within the biofilms subjected to a dehumidification environment, mimicking the one present in a food workshop (10 °C, 75% RH). Furthermore, a LC-MS/MS approach was made to link the dots between MSI and protein identification. Five identified proteins were assigned to registered MSI m/z, including two cold-shock proteins and a ligase involved in cell wall biogenesis. These data demonstrate how imaging can be used to dissect the proteome of an intact bacterial biofilm giving new insights into protein expression relating to a dehumidification stress adaptation. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD010444. BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The ready-to-eat food processing industry has the daily challenge of controlling the contamination of surfaces and machines with spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. In some cases, it is a lost cause due to these microorganisms' capacity to withstand the cleaning treatments, like desiccation procedures. Such a case is the ubiquitous Gram-positive Bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. Its surface proteins have particular importance for the interaction with its environment, being important factors contributing to adaptation to stress conditions. There are few reproducibly techniques to obtain the surface proteins of Gram-positive cells. Here, we developed a workflow that enables the use of MALDI imaging on Gram-positive bacterium biofilms to study the impact of dehumidification on sessile cells. It will be of the most interest to test this workflow with different environmental conditions and potentially apply it to other biofilm-forming bacteria.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Journal of Proteomics, Elsevier, 2018, 187, pp.152-160. 〈10.1016/j.jprot.2018.07.012〉
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Tiago Santos, Laetitia Theron, Christophe Chambon, Didier Viala, Delphine Centeno, et al.. MALDI mass spectrometry imaging and in situ microproteomics of Listeria monocytogenes biofilms. Journal of Proteomics, Elsevier, 2018, 187, pp.152-160. 〈10.1016/j.jprot.2018.07.012〉. 〈hal-01901452〉



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